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Everything You Must Know About Kidney Failure

Kidney failure is a condition that affects more than 200,000 people in the United States. Kidney failure can cause a variety of medical problems, including low blood pressure, swelling of the extremities, and muscle paralysis that can eventually lead to death. Kidney failure can also have a significant impact on other diseases, most notably the cardiovascular diseases. An organ of such importance should always be treated with most care. Hence, we must take utmost care to ensure that our kidneys remain safe to ensure larger water discharge and higher urine saturation. But sometimes all might not go in your favor and hence the Kidneys might fail sometimes. Check out how must you respond to the times of Heart Failure. Know the symptoms and other important things about Kidney Failure here.


Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Failure


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There are a variety of different symptoms of kidney failure, and there may be few if any, symptoms in the early stages of kidney failure. Vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness are common symptoms of the early stages of kidney failure. As the condition progresses and the kidneys weaken, other more severe symptoms begin to appear. Swelling of the legs, arms, and other extremities begins to appear as the kidneys struggle to remove excess fluid from the body. The final stages of kidney failure bring severe pain in the back and sides, bloody urine, and difficulty breathing due to extra fluid on the lungs. Patients at this stage of the condition need dialysis to replace the kidney function; untreated kidney failure will eventually lead to the death of the patient.


What causes Kidney Failure?


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There are two different types of kidney failure: acute and chronic. Acute kidney failure is characterized by a rapid loss of kidney function. Acute kidney failure is typically caused by low blood volume due to the loss of blood from an injury, obstruction of the urinary tract, or the kidney being exposed to a substance that is harmful to its normal function. Some of the major reasons for Kidney Failures Include poorly controlled diabetes, poorly controlled high blood pressure, and chronic glomerulonephritis. Some other causes for Kidney Failure might include Polycystic kidney disease, Reflux nephropathy (damage caused by urine backflow from the bladder into the ureters and kidney), Nephrotic syndrome, Alport's disease, Interstitial nephritis, Kidney stones and Prostate disease as well.


In most cases, acute kidney failure is treated by providing treatment for the underlying cause of the kidney failure, with dialysis sometimes being used as a bridge to help the kidney function while the patient is being treated.


How does the Kidney Failure develop in the Human Body?


Chronic kidney failure typically develops slowly over time and is usually the result of disease progression or an irreversible acute disease. Kidney function may be replaced with dialysis, but many sufferers of chronic kidney failure require a kidney transplant at some point in their treatment. Sometimes, the obstruction of the bladder might also cause the ureters some form of pressure. As the kidneys continue to produce urine, the pressure acts as a barrier and the urine backs up into the Kidneys. The pressure when increases, the Kidneys are damaged and eventually the failure occurs.


How Can one diagnose Kidney Failure?


Sometimes it can be subtle but, in most cases, the kidney failure can be diagnosed due to the symptoms it produces. There can be various ways in which one can diagnose kidney failure. Some of them include Blood Tests, Urine Tests and other tests like Abdominal Ultrasound and Kidney Biopsy.


 

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