Heart disease is a general term that is used to explain a number of diseases that can affect the heart. It can include coronary artery disease, heart infections, congenital heart defects, as well as arrhythmias. Along with that, heart disease is often used interchangeably with cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease refers to narrow or blocked vessels, which can lead to a stroke or heart attack.
The symptoms of heart disease vary based on the type of the condition. Some of the most common symptoms include chest pain, shortness of breath, as well as numbness in the arms and legs. Along with that, you can also experience a slow heartbeat, lightheadedness, dizziness, or swelling around the eyes and abdomen. If you have a heart defect, your skin may turn blue or pale gray. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is critical that you seek emergency medical care.
Heart disease is easier to treat if it is detected early. Therefore, it is essential to talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns. The doctor will also discuss steps that you can take in order to reduce your chances of developing heart disease. This is particularly vital if your family has had a history with heart disease. There are a number of things that can cause heart disease. For instance, it can be congenital. If it is congenital, it means that you were born with it. It can also develop due to bad habits. If you smoke, have an unhealthy diet and do not participate in exercising, your chances of developing heart disease will greatly increase. In order to prevent it, you will want to avoid these things. Not only that, but you will also want to steer clear of drugs, stress inducing activities and the excessive use of alcohol or caffeine.