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Kidney Stones

Kidney stones, a solid mass of tiny crystals that form when the urine contains an excess of certain substances. The substances form crystals that become stones. Kidney stones will usually not cause problems until they move down the ureters. Urine flows into the bladder through a tube called the uthera. Stones can block this flow and cause swelling and severe pain. Kidney stones are common and often time a person who has had kidney stones will get them again.


Symptoms of kidney stones include pain that starts suddenly and then goes away suddenly. You will most likely feel the pain in the belly, side of the back, groin, or testicle area. Blood in the urine and vomiting may also occur.


To test for a kidney stone you usually analyze the kidney stone and determine what type it is, the you perform a urinalysis for check for abnormalities in the urine such as blood or crystals. When the stone passes, the urine should be strained and the stone saved and tested to determine the type. To prevent kidney stones drink 6-8 cups of water throughout the day. Pain relievers can help control the pain of passing the stones.


Kidney stones are painful but often time can be removed from the body without causing long term problems. Though if not found and treated they tend to return and cause complications such as loss of said kidney, urinary tract infection, or kidney scarring.


Your doctor may prescribe medication to you depending on the type of stone. There are many medications that help with various things such as if the stone is growing, blocking urine flow, or simply too big to pass its own. Keeping hydrated and eating a proper diet will lower your chances for getting kidney stones saving much trouble in the future.


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