Mono is referred to as the kissing disease and is caused by EBV, which is in the family of the herpes virus. It can infect any person of all different ages. Mono is spread by person to person contact. Saliva is the main method of how it is spread. That is where the name “kissing disease” comes from.
Some of the symptoms of Mono include, a general lack of energy, fatigue, a loss of appetite, chills, sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. The severity of the sore throat is what makes many people end up contacting their doctors. If a doctor notices a very reddened throat and tonsils as well as swollen lymph nodes in the neck, that will be their first indication that a person has Mono. Mono can also be diagnosed by blood tests.
There are treatments for Mono. Most of the time treatment is not even necessary. Treatment involves easing the symptoms rather than curing the virus. It must run it’s course. Some relief medicines for Mono include taking Tylenol, and even Penicillin. Some people can suffer complications as a result from Mono, but not everyone. Hepatitis can result as a complication from Mono. The most severe complications are indeed quite rare. Those complications would include destruction of red blood cells, and inflammation of the sac which surrounds the heart, the heart muscle, and the brain. Again these complications are very rare.
Mono can be prevented by avoiding close personal contact with people who are infected. People should also work on some good hygienic practices that can prevent the transmission of the virus itself. Mono is a very uncomfortable illness, with treatment needed very rarely. People who have already had Mono can actually continue to shed virus particles in their saliva during reactivations throughout their lifetime.