Ovarian Cancer is a cancer that begins in the ovaries of women. Ovarian cancer is usually always fatal because it is hard detect. It will have already spread to other parts of the body such as the pelvis and abdomen, b the time it is caught. This is why it makes this form of cancer hard to treat.
Women who have ovarian cancer may experience symptoms such as pain in the pelvic area, nausea, gas, swelling and fullness in the abdomen, appetite loss, decrease in energy, low back pain, changes in bowel and bladder habits, and indigestion. If a woman is experiencing any of these symptoms, they should contact their doctor immediately.
The causes of ovarian cancer remain unclear. Doctors do know that ovarian cancer starts when cells that are healthy start growing at a continuous speed. There are 3 different types of ovarian cancer. The first type is cancer that begins is on the outside of the ovaries in the cells. The second type is cancer starts in the cells that produce eggs, and cancer that starts in the cells that produce hormones. Different treatment options are given depending on the type of ovarian cancer a woman is diagnosed with. Tests that are used to diagnosis ovarian cancer include a pelvic examination, ultrasound, surgery to remove samples of tissue for testing, and a CA 125 blood test.
Surgery as well as chemotherapy are the two available treatment options that are combined for ovarian cancer. Surgery can involve removing both ovaries, fallopian tube, and the uterus as well. After the surgery most doctors recommend chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Women that are in advanced stages of ovarian cancer may be given chemotherapy as their initial treatment. There is no way possible to prevent ovarian cancer. It is serious.