Everyone might have felt some ache or pain sometimes. These occasional aches and pain have often some underlying causalities. Sudden pain is an important indication of the breakdown of the nervous system which helps in alerting the body of possible injury. But while some pain can usually be related to minor issues, some other pain can be of deeper meaning and profound implications as well. The pain subsides as soon as the injury heals. However, some pain can take the shape of chronic ones with typical pain. In this case, the body continues to send signals to the brain even after the healing of the injury. This can become an obstruction to the mobility, flexibility, strength, and endurance of the body. So, find the important aspects of this form of pain here –
What is Chronic Pain?
This is a form of pain which is defined to have lasted for more than 12 weeks now. It might sharpen or become dull at times, but it will be continuous. It might cause a burning or aching sensation in the affected areas also. Chronic Pain might be a steady pain or might have interruptions as well, coming or going without any apparent reason. This type of pain will occur in any part of the body and similar pain can feel different in different affected areas as well. Some of the most common types of chronic pain are:
- A headache
- Postsurgical pain
- Post-trauma pain
- Lower back pain
- Cancer pain
- Arthritis pain
- Neurogenic pain (pain caused by nerve damage)
- Psychogenic pain (pain that isn’t caused by disease, injury, or nerve damage)
As per the American Academy of Pain Medicine, chronic pain impacts more than 1.5 billion people around the world. It is also the most common cause of long-term disability in the United States and affects more than 100 million Americans.
What is the Cause of Chronic Pain?
One of the root causes of chronic pain is an initial injury like a back sprain or muscle pull or cartilage damage. But the chronic pain develops with the damage of the nerves of the region. These nerves make the pain intense and everlasting. So, just treating the wound or sprain might not solve the entire problem of chronic pain. But some people might experience chronic pain even if there is no such history of injury. Some of the major causes of chronic pain include:
- Chronic fatigue syndrome: characterized by extreme, prolonged weariness that’s often accompanied by pain
- Endometriosis: a painful disorder that occurs when the uterine lining grows outside of the uterus
- Fibromyalgia: widespread pain in the bones and muscles
- Inflammatory bowel disease: a group of conditions that causes painful, chronic inflammation in the digestive tract
- Interstitial cystitis: a chronic disorder marked by bladder pressure and pain
- Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ): a condition that causes painful clicking, popping, or locking of the jaw
- Vulvodynia: chronic vulva pain that occurs with no obvious cause
Proper Medications for Chronic Pain
The best medication for chronic pain is meeting with the doctor. There are however some medications which work. They are as follows:
- over-the-counter pain relievers, including acetaminophen (Tylenol) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin (Bufferin) or ibuprofen (Advil).
- opioid pain relievers, including morphine (MS Contin), codeine, and hydrocodone (Tussigon)