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Everything you should know about Heart Attack!

A heart Attack occurs when the supply of blood for its functioning gets disrupted due to building up of plaques in the coronary artery. As per the survey, more than half of the Americans spend more time in analysing the situation than to call the ambulance or doctor. It is imperative for everyone to know the symptoms and or the early signs of a heart as well as the precautions one must take immediately once they notice. So, the motive of the article is to let you know the signs and symptoms of heart attack and in the occurrence of which can instantly let you contact your doctor.


What is the reason of a Heart Attack?


The most common reason of Heart Attack is the complete blockage of blood in the coronary artery and the result of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Angina is the most common symptom of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). This can, over the period, weaken the heart and can lead to heart failure in itself.  There can be various reasons for the development of CAD in your body, some of which are - Being overweight, physical inactivity, unhealthy eating, and smoking tobacco or a family history of CAD can also enhance its chances.


Other rarer causes of a heart attack include spntanerous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) where one or more of the coronary arteries tear.


What is the difference between a Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest?


Though a heart attack might lead to Cardiac Arrest, both these are different in nature. A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to Heart gets completely blocked due to the development of Plaques in the Coronary Artery. The Cardiac Arrest on the other hand occurs when the Heart stops to pump blood into the arteries.


While a person with a heart attack might show some problems with breathing, persons with Cardiac Arrest will have trouble only in breathing and will become unconscious after some time.


Symptoms of a Heart Attack


When the depositions of plaques blocks the coronary artery completely, it can lead to a heart attack, the symptoms of which can be –



  1. Discomfort, Pressure, heaviness or pain in the chest area or at the area below the breastbone

  2. Discomfort in the back, jaw throat or arm

  3. Choking feelings

  4. Heavy sweating, nausea or vomiting or dizziness

  5. Extreme weakness, anxiety or shortness of breath

  6. Rapid or irregular heart beats


The symptoms of heart attack might vary from person to person and sometimes there might not even be any such sign. How can you then check out if the person is getting through a heart attack? Well, in those cases the person might show signs of discomfort. People with previous heart ailments will only have these symptoms and if the person shows any signs of discomfort, immediately get them hospitalised. This way you can prevent a possible heart attack.


What to do till the ambulance arrives?


People often get extremely nervous during the time of noticing the symptoms and arrival of the ambulance. Here is what you should during those times –



  1. You should not start moving and rather sit at one place and relax. It is obvious to be nervous but you should better be calm. It can ease up things for you and your family.

  2. NEVER in any case look out for an ASPIRIN. This might put an additional and unnecessary strain on your brain too.

  3. Try to have a glass of water or try and talk to someone near you. It can ease your mind.

  4. If you are alone at home, try to remain calm until medical help comes.

  5. Don’t get chilled if possible, says VanTuyle. It constricts your blood vessels.


How is a heart attack diagnosed?


The medical, staff when called, will diagnose the heart attack in the following ways:



  1. They will examine you and monitor your heart rate and blood pressure,

  2. The they will do an electrocardiogram (ECG) in the ambulance,

  3. Finally they will assess your symptoms and medical history,

  4. In order to sanitise it, they might give pain relief if needed and oxygen if your oxygen level is too low,

  5. They might also give you aspirin if not given already,

  6. After bringing in control they will transfer you to the most suitable hospital.


 


It is important to not waste time when any of the symptoms are first noticed. Call 911 immediately to get medical assistance. 

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