Everything about Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, Diet

Do you know what osteoporosis is? Osteoporosis is a health condition that is related to your bones. It occurs when your body loses too much of the bone or has stopped making bones or is making too little bones. This results in making your bones so weak that even a little fall or minor bump can lead to breaking bones. In most cases, osteoporosis fractures will occur in your spine, wrist, or hips. 

Our bones are constantly being broken and replaced. And, when this bone formation becomes too less or, in some cases, there is no bone formation — osteoporosis occurs. While osteoporosis is a common disease throughout the world, it is most common in Asian and white women. Women, post-menopause, and older women are at high risk of osteoporosis. You can turn to medication, weight-bearing exercises, and a healthy-diet for bettering your bones.

Let’s talk about osteoporosis in a little more detail: 

What is osteoporosis? 

Osteoporosis symptoms

Osteoporosis Causes

Osteoporosis Risk Factors

Osteoporosis Diet.

What is osteoporosis? 

The literal meaning of osteoporosis is “porous bone.” Medical experts say that when bones are looked at under a microscope they look like a honeycomb — and that is what healthy bones should look like. This structure changes slowly when osteoporosis occurs and your bones will not look like a honeycomb and the species look wider than before. 

Bones that have suffered osteoporosis have lesser bone density and they will contain abnormal tissues. As the bone density decreases, they become weaker and they are therefore the risk of breaking bones increases. If you have ever broken bones, you must go for a bone density test. In the United States, more than 53 million people are either suffering from osteoporosis or at high risk of developing it. Osteoarthritis is also a bone condition like osteoporosis. 

Osteoporosis symptoms:

It is important to take a close look at your risks of developing osteoporosis. Usually, in the early stage, osteoporosis does not show any symptoms or signs. In most cases, people find that they have osteoporosis only after they have suffered a fracture. 

Some of the osteoporosis symptoms that you can take care of in the early stage include weakened grip strength, receding gums, and weak and brittle nails. And, another thing you must take care of is —- if you have a family history of osteoporosis, you must talk to your doctor for early diagnosis. 

Symptoms of Severe Osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis Worsens if left untreated.

If osteoporosis is left untreated for a longer period of time, it might worsen. With time, your bones become thinner and get weakened. This leads to an increased risk of fractures. 

You should know that you have severe osteoporosis if even strong sneezing or a fall could cause a fracture. It can also cause shortening of height, neck pain, or back pain. The vertebrae inside your neck become so fragile that it is unable to take the pressure and breaks. 

There are a number of factors when it comes to healing the fracture caused due to osteoporosis — it would include the place of the fracture, your health history & age. 

Osteoporosis causes

Now, you know what is osteoporosis — but do you know what causes osteoporosis? The most common causes of osteoporosis are a few of the health conditions like hyperthyroidism. It can also be caused due to certain kinds of medications. 

Osteoporosis Risk Factors

Some of the most common osteoporosis risk factors are aging, menopause in women, poor nutrition & family history of osteoporosis. Let’s talk about each of these osteoporosis risk factors separately. 


Age is the biggest factor for osteoporosis. Throughout the human life cycle, your bones decay and re-grow. But at a certain age (after your 30s) the bone formation becomes ever slower than bone decay. As a result, there only less dense bones are left making it fragile and weak. Therefore, your bones become more at risk of breakage. 


Another major reason for osteoporosis is menopause. It occurs in women between the age of 45 to 55. Plenty of hormonal changes take place when a woman goes through menopause. Because of these hormonal changes, the body starts losing bones way more quickly. This bone loss rate in men is less as compared to women in the ages of 45 to 65. But after that men & women start losing bones at a similar rate. 

Other Osteoporosis Risk Factors.

Women are more at risk.

Asian or White people are more at risk.

People with a family history of osteoporosis.

Lack of physical activity.

Low body weight.

Poor nutrition.

People who smoke are more at risk.

While some of these risk factors are obvious and there are no tools to deal with them, there are others — you can take care of. You can develop a habit of daily exercising and eating nutritious foods for improving the health of your bones. 

Osteoporosis treatment

If you have osteoporosis, you’ll need to consult your doctor who will make sure to get you the best medications and important lifestyle changes that you would need to make for faster and better results. In the most probable cause, your doctor will suggest you increase the intake of vitamin D & calcium along with increasing physical activities. 

While there isn’t any dedicated treatment for osteoporosis — if you make a few changes in your lifestyle and remain active, increase vitamin D & calcium intake — the speed of bone loss can be controlled and in many cases, the rate of bone formation may also increase. 

Osteoporosis diet

In addition to following the treatment plan of your doctor, you must also take care of your diet for better results. There are certain nutrients that are specifically important for your bones that include vitamin D & calcium. While calcium supports your bone health, vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium. Apart from vitamin D & calcium, other nutrients that support bone health include — zinc, vitamin K, and magnesium. Talk to your doctor for a better description of your osteoporosis diet plan. 

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