Diarrhea Its causes and Symptoms
Diarrhea is a very common but not very serious condition of loose motion, having three or more loose liquid bowl movements. It generally lasts for a few days and results in dehydration due to fluid loss from the body. The signs of dehydration start with the loss of normal stretching of the skin and progress to loss of skin color, fast heart rate, and decrease in urination. Sometimes diarrhea just disappears without any treatment. There are many causes of diarrhea but the most common cause is gastrointestinal infections or gastroenteritis, which is due to virus, bacteria or parasite. These infections are generally acquired from food or contaminated water or sometimes, from the person who is suffering from the disease. Diarrhea can be of three types such as short duration watery diarrhea, which may be due to cholera infection though it is rare in developed countries. When blood is present in the stool, this condition is known as dysentery. Inflammatory bowel disease, lactose intolerance and hyperthyroidism are the related non-infectious conditions. According to the research done, approximately 0.76 million or 11% children younger than 5 years, die every year due to this disease and about 222,000 people per year are admitted in the hospital. It is the second most common cause of death due to this problem.
Symptoms and Treatment
Generally, a person who is suffering from diarrhea has to endure abdominal pain or cramps, frequent and loose stools, fever, and bloating; the other symptoms include nausea and vomiting among others. It is a normal condition and requires little or no treatment. It goes away as the effect of infection decreases and sometimes some antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor. A person suffering from the disease should drink plenty of water; avoid caffeine, dairy products, and fatty foods because such food may aggravate the digestive tract. One should increase the intake of certain foods like bananas, dry toast, rice and curd as these will help to reduce the symptoms of diarrhea. Persons with diarrhea should regularly wash their hands with soap, cover mouth while coughing or sneezing and avoid food from outside especially from the street vendors.