Bone Marrow Cancer: Types, Symptoms, And More Details
Bone marrow is the tissue inside the bones and the space inside the center of bones. It's where red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are made. These blood cells are also known as "cellular blood." Bone marrow cancer occurs when there are abnormal cells in the bone marrow. Several types of bone marrow cancer can occur. Reducing your chance of getting bone marrow cancer begins with understanding if you have a genetic predisposition to it or not. If you aren't at risk for developing it, you will not need to check for these things regularly. Reducing your risk of contracting any type of bone marrow cancer begins with eating and drinking habits that are nutritious and wholesome.
What Are The Risk Factors For Bone Marrow Cancer?
Certain genetic and environmental factors can increase one's risk of developing bone marrow cancer. Several types of bone marrow cancer are hereditary. That means you have an increased chance of developing the disease because of your family history. Genetic mutations and gene changes happen when DNA is copied incorrectly. This can happen for various reasons, including exposure to certain environmental factors. When there is a defect in the DNA, it can be passed from parent to child. Following that, the harmful effects of smoking tobacco have been known for quite some time now. It's associated with almost all cancers and other diseases and conditions. People who smoke have a much higher risk of developing many cancers. Smoking has also been linked to myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
Other risk factors include exposure to chemicals and toxins in the environment (such as benzene and arsenic), exposure to radiation (such as that used for diagnosis or radiation therapy), and taking medications or supplements that have serious side effects. Eating healthy and maintaining a proper diet can reduce your risk of developing many diseases and conditions, including cancer. A well-balanced diet can help you maintain optimal health. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays is a known risk factor for developing several cancers. It can also trigger conditions such as MDS. UV radiation is linked to the development of MDS and other cancers.
What Are The Symptoms Of Bone Marrow Cancer?
The symptoms of bone marrow cancer depend on your cancer type. Symptoms may not appear until the disease has progressed somewhat, so it is important to get regular checkups from your doctor. Early signs and symptoms include unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. Generally, bone marrow cancer progresses slowly. Multiple Myeloma is an exception to this rule. It often progresses rapidly and can cause serious complications. You may experience unexplained weight loss, bone pain or fractures, and fatigue. Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cause swelling in a part of the body, most commonly the lymph nodes. The swelling may last for a long time or even become permanent. Other signs and symptoms of bone marrow cancer include itching, numbness, and tingling in the hands or feet; unexplained pain in the bones or joints; and problems with bladder control or sexual function.
What Is The Prognosis For Bone Marrow Cancer?
The prognosis of bone marrow cancer depends on many factors, such as the type, size, and stage. Other factors include age, general health, and how quickly you receive treatment. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not very good. More than one-third of people diagnosed with AML die within one year of the diagnosis. However, various treatments available can help reduce the risk of death. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is good at the early stages than the other kinds. The 5-year survival rate is close to 80%. As the disease progresses, though, the prognosis becomes worse. The 5-year survival rate is about 50% at this stage. Multiple Myeloma can be treated. However, it often comes back even after treatment. People who receive treatment with few symptoms have a good prognosis. Hodgkin's Lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma are treated with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy combinations. The prognosis is mainly determined by the stage of cancer. Other types of bone marrow cancer can be treated, too. The prognosis depends on the type of cancer you have, its stage, and the treatment you receive.
Types Of Bone Marrow Cancer
Acute Myeloid Leukemia is a type of bone marrow cancer that causes the bone marrow to produce too many immature white blood cells. AML can also decrease the number of red blood cells and platelets in your body. It is a rapidly progressing disease.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia is a type of bone marrow cancer that often causes a decrease in the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the body. In some cases, it leads to an increase in the number of immature white blood cells. It is often found in people who are 30 to 50 years old.
Multiple Myeloma is a type of cancer that starts in the bone marrow or the plasma cells. It may cause the body to produce too many proteins. The excess proteins collect in the blood and urine. This may cause fatigue, weakness, weight loss, and kidney problems.
Hodgkin's Lymphoma is a type of cancer in which abnormal cells grow in the lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and sometimes the spleen or bone marrow.
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. This type of cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells grow in the lymph nodes. It is the most common type of blood cancer.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia affects the bone marrow, blood, and blood stem cells. It increases the risk of infection by releasing immature white blood cells into the bloodstream. For this reason, people with AML are prone to infections and require immuno-compromising treatment.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia occurs when the bone marrow makes too many copies of a particular type of cell. The cells make an abnormal protein. The abnormal protein is called "bcr-abL." The bcr-abL protein interferes with how the body processes new blood cells. It also interferes with how the body breaks down old blood cells.
Multiple Myeloma causes abnormal growth of plasma cells, which are white blood cells that produce antibodies. It is the second most common type of blood cancer. It is most likely to affect people aged 60 years and older. Hodgkin's Lymphoma begins in the lymph system. The lymph system is a network of fluid-filled tubes that flows through the body. It removes toxins and bacteria from the blood. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma begins in white blood cells. It is more common in people over the age of 65.
Treatment For Bone Marrow Cancer
Getting the right treatment for this disease will differ from person to person. This is based on the kind and stage of diagnosis that has been given by the healthcare providers. Any other health considerations of the person will also have to be kept in mind. Some treatments can be used to treat bone marrow cancer. The first option is Chemotherapy. This systematic treatment has been created to search and destroy the cancer cells in the body. The healthcare provider will give a drug or a mixture of drugs based on certain kinds of cancer in the body. The second option is radiation therapy. This gives high-energy beams to a specific area to ease pain, decrease tumor size, and kill off cancer cells. Another option is biological therapy. This uses the person's immune system to eliminate the cancer cells present in the body. After that comes targeted therapy drugs. These attack some kinds of cancer cells in a very precise manner. Unlike the process of Chemotherapy, they avoid any damage to healthy cells. If these options do not work, the next option is to go for a transplant.
During any bone marrow transplant, the damaged bone marrow is replaced with healthy marrow taken from a donor. This treatment may have a high dose of Chemotherapy and also radiation therapy. This is also called stem cell transplant. Taking part in a clinical trial is another thing that can be considered by the patient. Clinical trials are research programs that discover new treatments that have not yet been approved by the authorities for general use by the wider public. They usually have very strict eligibility guidelines. Your healthcare provider can assist you in getting the data on trials that might be a great fit for you. Also, vaccinations against infectious diseases may cause side effects. People with weakened immune systems may be at a higher risk of complications.
It is important to be aware of bone marrow cancer's risk factors, symptoms, and prognosis. It is crucial to get a diagnosis and treatment as soon as you spot some of the symptoms of this disease in your body. Visit Cured for more health-related information.From the Web