Everything about Diabetes: Symptoms, Cause & Risk Factors

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases today and that every other person is suffering from the disease. In that scenario, it becomes vital to know everything about diabetes so as to act & bring about changes in the lifestyle accordingly. 

In this article, we’ll talk everything about diabetes -- what is diabetes, symptoms, causes 7 risk factors. Read the article to keep yourself informed and away from this life-threatening disease. Let’s get started:

Everything about Diabetes:

What is diabetes?

Diabetes shows up when your body is not able to produce or use insulin, which consequently results in too much blood sugar or glucose accumulation in the body. That is why we say someone with diabetes has high sugar. 

Blood glucose is one of the vital sources of energy in the human body, which comes from the food that we eat. Insulin helps in the conversion of this glucose into energy to be utilized by the body. The insulin hormone is produced by the pancreas! When your body is not able to produce enough insulin or the insulin hormone is not doing the job properly, the glucose does not reach your cells staying in your blood. 

Different Hormones play different roles in our bodies. They are essential for our overall health. Hormonal imbalance can have a huge impact on your physical, emotional & mental health. 

This accumulation of glucose in the blood, over a longer period of time, causes many health issues. There is no direct cure for diabetes, you can only take care of your eating & other habits to prevent the side-effects.

Types of Diabetes:

There are two types of Diabetes -- type 1 & type 2. Let’s read further to know everything about diabetes & its types:

Type 1 diabetes: It occurs when there is no production of insulin in the body. This type of diabetes is usually seen in kids and teenagers, but adults can also develop this form of diabetes. 

Type 2 diabetes:  In this type of diabetes, most of the food is converted into glucose in the body. The body cells are not able to use insulin properly & the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. There is too much accumulation of insulin in the body, which further leads to serious health issues like kidney, nerves, heart & eye diseases. 

Symptoms of diabetes

When we are discussing everything about diabetes -- it’s vital to discuss symptoms of diabetes. From person to person, these symptoms can be different. There are almost no visible symptoms of diabetes in the beginning. However, without letting you even know, it might have started causing damage to your eyes, kidneys & other organs. So, it’s important to get diagnosed and know everything about diabetes symptoms from where it starts. 

Here are some common symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Extreme thirst.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Dry, itchy skin.
  • Extreme hunger.
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue or drowsiness.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Numbness in the feet & hands.

If diabetes is left untreated for a longer period of time, it can result in increased blood sugar levels. This will come up with symptoms like vomiting, pain in the abdomen, dehydration, dehydration & sometimes it might also cause coma or death.

Causes of Diabetes:

There are different causes for different forms of diabetes. Let’s discuss them one-by-one:

Type 1 Diabetes: Until now there isn’t any clear explanation of how & why type 1 diabetes is caused. However, from the expert analysis, it could be observed that -- this form of diabetes might be caused when beta cells, the insulin-producing beta cells are mistakenly destroyed. The second factor can be genes. It could be possible that some virus gives a push to the immune system attack. 

Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is the result of two factors including lifestyle & genes. Other than that, if you are obese or overweight, you are certainly at the risk of falling prey to type diabetes. When you carry extra weight in your belly the resistance to the effect of insulin is evident. This form of diabetes runs in families & people with type 2 diabetes family history are certainly vulnerable. 

Risk Factors for Diabetes:

We have discussed almost everything about diabetes in brief. We are still left with another important consideration that is the risk factors for diabetes. Let’s discuss the risk factors for each of the two types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes: There is an immune reaction that causes type 1 diabetes. We have discussed the same previously, the body inadvertently attacks itself. However, the risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not clear, we have collected some data from authentic sources. Here are some of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

  • A family history: you are vulnerable if someone in the family including brother, sister, father, or mother had type 1 diabetes.

  • Age: Type diabetes is caused mostly in your teenage or during childhood. Some people also develop it during their adulthood.

  • The percentage of whites developing type 1 diabetes is higher than that of the African Americans in the USA.

Type 2 Diabetes: You are at risk of falling prey to type 2 diabetes in the following cases:

  • If you are 45 or more than 45 years of age. 

  • If you have prediabetes.

  • If you are obese or overweight.

  • If you are not active through the week, months & days.

  • It’s genetic.

Takeaways.

Diabetes can be a life-threatening condition, if not diagnosed and taken care of on time. Until now there isn’t any treatment available for diabetes -- however, you can reduce the effect or prevent it by making certain lifestyle changes & habits. Common symptoms of diabetes are extreme hunger, extreme thrust, frequent urine discharge, itchy skin, fatigue & more. Most people with obesity & a family history of diabetes are at risk! Hope this information that tells almost everything about diabetes will help you take precautions and prevent the symptoms. 

 

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Foods included in the BRAT diet: bananas, rice, applesauce, toast

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Syphilis primarily spreads through sexual contact, affecting individuals of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. In contrast, Yaws predominantly afflicts children in tropical regions with limited medical care, spreading through non-sexual skin-to-skin contact. Furthermore, while both diseases can cause severe complications if left untreated, syphilis often targets the cardiovascular and nervous systems, whereas Yaws primarily affects the skin, bones, and soft tissues.Also Read: Warning Signs of Parkinson's Disease You Shouldn't IgnoreConclusionYaws disease is a public health challenge, particularly in resource-constrained settings where poverty and neglect fuel its persistence. Through concerted efforts and unwavering commitment, we can consign Yaws to the annals of history, ensuring a healthier, more equitable future for future generations.

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By providing a safe and effective contraceptive solution, IUDs support individuals in maintaining their overall health and medication management.Check This Out: Everything You Need to Know About the Side Effects and Safety of IUDsNo Daily MaintenanceIUDs offer unparalleled convenience with minimal maintenance required after insertion. Unlike methods like the pill or patch that require daily or weekly attention, an IUD provides continuous protection against pregnancy without the need for regular upkeep. This seamless integration into daily life enhances compliance and reliability, allowing individuals to focus on their responsibilities and activities without interruption.Suitable for Women with Certain Health ConditionsCertain health conditions, such as a history of blood clots or cardiovascular disorders, may limit contraceptive options for some individuals. IUDs offer a hormone-free alternative that is generally suitable for individuals with these health concerns, providing a safe and effective contraceptive solution tailored to their medical needs. Non-hormonal IUDs, in particular, offer a hormone-free option that reduces the risk of adverse effects associated with estrogen-containing contraceptives, ensuring compatibility with diverse health conditions and risk factors.Emergency ContraceptionDespite best efforts to prevent pregnancy, contraceptive failures or unprotected sexual encounters can occur unexpectedly. Copper IUDs offer a highly effective option for emergency contraception if inserted within a specific timeframe after unprotected intercourse. Unlike other emergency contraceptive methods, such as the morning-after pill, which may require multiple doses and have a limited window of effectiveness, a copper IUD provides continuous protection against pregnancy for up to 10 years after insertion. This long-lasting and reliable option offers individuals peace of mind and confidence in their ability to prevent unintended pregnancy in critical situations.Positive Impact on Sexual FunctionBeyond their contraceptive efficacy, IUDs can have a positive impact on sexual function and satisfaction. The reassurance of reliable contraception enhances confidence and intimacy in sexual relationships, fostering greater emotional connection and enjoyment for individuals and their partners. By eliminating concerns about unplanned pregnancy, IUDs create a supportive environment for healthy sexual expression and exploration, enhancing overall sexual well-being and relationship satisfaction.Environmental ConsiderationsIn an era of increasing environmental awareness, individuals seek contraceptive options that minimize their ecological footprint. IUDs offer a more environmentally friendly choice compared to disposable methods such as condoms or hormonal pills. By producing less waste and requiring fewer resources for production and distribution, IUDs contribute to sustainable contraceptive choices that align with eco-conscious values. This environmental consideration underscores the broader societal impact of contraceptive choices and empowers individuals to make choices that prioritize both their reproductive health and environmental sustainability.Also Read: Learn How To Get An IUD: Insertion And Removal ProcessConclusionThe benefits of intrauterine devices extend far beyond their contraceptive efficacy, encompassing a wide range of health, social, and environmental advantages. From providing relief from gynecological conditions to offering a sustainable and convenient contraceptive option, IUDs empower individuals to take control of their reproductive health and make informed decisions that align with their values, priorities, and lifestyles. As with any medical decision, you must consult a healthcare provider to determine if an IUD is a right option for you. With proper guidance and support, individuals can confidently embrace the benefits of IUDs and enjoy a more empowered and fulfilling approach to contraception and reproductive health.

Gynecologist holding an IUD birth control device before using it for patient

IUD: All You Need to Know About the Side Effects and Safety

In today's world of contraceptive options, intrauterine devices (IUDs) have emerged as a popular choice for many women. Their effectiveness, longevity, and ease of use make them an attractive option for those seeking reliable birth control. However, like any medical intervention, IUDs carry potential side effects and risks that users should be aware of. Problems in the IUD ProcessPain during InsertionWhile insertion is relatively quick, some women may experience discomfort or cramping. This discomfort is often temporary and subsides shortly after insertion.ExpulsionIn rare cases, the IUD may partially or entirely expel itself from the uterus, leading to a loss of contraceptive effectiveness. This can occur shortly after insertion or even months later and may go unnoticed by the user.PerforationAlthough uncommon, there is a risk of the IUD perforating the uterine wall during insertion. Perforation can cause significant pain and may require surgical intervention to retrieve the device and prevent further complications.Learn More: Unveiling the Magic of IUDs: Everything You Need to KnowRisks Associated with IUDsInfectionFollowing IUD insertion, there is a small risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), particularly within the first few weeks. PID is characterized by inflammation of the reproductive organs and can lead to long-term complications if left untreated.Ectopic PregnancyAlthough rare, there is a slight risk of ectopic pregnancy with IUD use. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention.EmbedmentIn some cases, the IUD may become embedded in the uterine wall, causing pain or discomfort. Embedment can occur shortly after insertion or develop over time, requiring surgical removal of the device.ExpulsionAs previously mentioned, there is a risk of the IUD expelling itself from the uterus, either partially or entirely. Expulsion may occur spontaneously or as a result of uterine contractions, and it can diminish the device's contraceptive effectiveness.Menstrual ChangesMany women experience changes in their menstrual bleeding patterns after IUD insertion. These changes may include heavier or more extended periods, spotting between periods, or irregular bleeding. While these changes are often temporary, they can bother some users.Warning Signs in the IUD ProcessSevere PainPersistent or severe abdominal or pelvic pain, especially after insertion, may indicate a complication such as perforation, infection, or embedment. It's essential to seek medical attention promptly if you experience severe pain.FeverA fever higher than 100.4F (38C) may indicate infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Other symptoms of PID may include pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse.Check This Out: Learn How To Get An IUD: Insertion And Removal ProcessAbnormal BleedingHeavy bleeding or spotting between periods, particularly if it persists beyond the first few months after insertion, should be evaluated by a healthcare provider. While some irregular bleeding is expected initially, persistent or heavy bleeding may indicate a problem.Unexplained Vaginal DischargeFoul-smelling or unusual vaginal discharge may indicate an infection or other complication. Changes in vaginal discharge, especially if accompanied by other symptoms such as pain or fever, should be assessed by a healthcare provider.Missing IUD StringsDuring regular self-checks, if you cannot feel the strings of your IUD or if they suddenly seem longer or shorter than usual, it may indicate a problem with the device's position.Hormonal IUD Side EffectsChanges in Menstrual BleedingMany women experience lighter periods or may stop having periods altogether while using a hormonal IUD. This is because the progestin in the IUD thins the uterine lining, reducing menstrual flow.Mood ChangesSome individuals may experience mood swings, irritability, or depression as a result of hormonal fluctuations. These mood changes are typically mild and resolve on their own over time.Headaches or migrainesThis may occur, especially during the first few months after insertion. These headaches are usually mild and transient but should be monitored for any worsening or persistent symptoms.Breast TendernessHormonal changes can cause breast tenderness or enlargement in some users. This side effect is usually mild and temporary but may bother some individuals.AcneA small number of women may experience acne or worsening of existing acne while using a hormonal IUD. This is due to hormonal fluctuations and typically resolves with time.Copper IUD Side EffectsIncreased Menstrual BleedingSome women experience heavier or more painful periods with a copper IUD. This is because the copper in the IUD can irritate the uterine lining, leading to heavier bleeding.CrampingCramping or discomfort during menstruation is common, especially in the first few months after insertion. This is typically due to the body adjusting to the presence of the IUD and usually resolves with time.Spotting Between PeriodsSpotting or irregular bleeding may occur, particularly during the first few months of use. This is normal and usually resolves as the body adjusts to the IUD.Allergic ReactionAlthough rare, some individuals may have an allergic reaction to the copper in the IUD, leading to symptoms such as itching, rash, or hives.Perforation or ExpulsionWhile uncommon, there is a risk of perforation or expulsion with copper IUDs, similar to hormonal IUDs. If you experience severe pain, fever, or other concerning symptoms, seek medical attention promptly.IUD Removal Side EffectsCrampingMild to moderate cramping may occur during or after IUD removal, similar to menstrual cramps. This is usually temporary and can be alleviated with over-the-counter pain relievers.SpottingSome women may experience light spotting or bleeding after IUD removal, which usually resolves within a few days. This is normal and should not cause concern.Irregular BleedingIt's common for menstrual bleeding patterns to temporarily change after IUD removal, with periods becoming heavier or irregular. This is due to the body's natural hormone fluctuations and typically resolves within a few cycles.Pain During RemovalAlthough rare, some individuals may experience pain or discomfort during the removal procedure, especially if the IUD has become embedded or the strings are challenging to locate. Your healthcare provider can provide pain relief options and ensure a smooth removal process.Expulsion of IUDIn rare cases, it may partially or entirely expel itself during removal, requiring additional intervention to ensure complete removal. If you experience any unusual symptoms or concerns during IUD removal, don't hesitate to contact your healthcare provider for guidance.Also Read: Learn about the disadvantages of IUDs and how the removal process worksConclusionWhile IUDs offer a highly effective and convenient contraceptive option for many women, they are not without potential side effects and risks. By understanding these factors and being vigilant for warning signs, individuals can make informed decisions about their reproductive health and contraceptive choices. If you have any concerns or questions about IUDs, don't hesitate to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized guidance and support.FAQsDo IUDs make you gain weight?There is ongoing debate and conflicting evidence regarding the relationship between IUD use and weight gain. Some individuals may notice changes in weight or appetite after IUD insertion, but these effects are often mild and temporary.Do you get spotting after sex when you have an IUD?Spotting after sex is not a common side effect of IUD use. However, if you experience spotting or bleeding after intercourse, it's essential to consult with your healthcare provider to rule out any underlying issues, such as infection or cervical irritation.Are there IUD sex drive side effects?While some individuals may report changes in libido or sexual function while using an IUD, these effects are typically rare and vary from person to person. If you experience changes in sexual desire or function that concern you, discuss them with your healthcare provider to explore potential solutions.Can IUDs cause hair loss or nausea?Hair loss and nausea are not commonly associated with IUD use. If you experience these symptoms, it's essential to consider other potential causes and consult with your healthcare provider for further evaluation.Can I get an IUD?Most women are eligible for an IUD, but it's essential to discuss your medical history and any potential contraindications with your healthcare provider before insertion. Factors such as uterine abnormalities, pelvic infections, or certain medical conditions may affect your suitability for an IUD.Is it safe to use the IUD while breastfeeding?Both hormonal and copper IUDs are generally considered safe for use while breastfeeding, as they do not interfere with milk production or the infant's health. However, it's essential to consult with your healthcare provider to discuss the best contraceptive options for your circumstances, taking into account factors such as your breastfeeding goals, medical history, and preferences.