What Are The Social Determinants Of Physical And Mental Health?

Social determinants of one’s health are circumstances that affect their wellbeing, both physically and mentally. These determinants can include socioeconomic, political, as well as cultural factors. Along with these, one’s well-being can also be affected by how someone gets access to the proper healthcare, education, a safe living environment, and a well-balanced, nutritious diet. 

 

As per the World Health Organization, one’s mental health and physical health are dependent on multiple social determinants around us. It is defined as the conditions under which people are born, grow up, live, work and eventually age. A few wider forces and systematic practices also help shape our daily living conditions. 

 

Social determinants for mental health as well as physical health are extensive in terms of a range of factors. They exist throughout all kinds of aspects of our society. However, they are pretty separate from a person’s lifestyle choices and the medical care they receive. 

 

As per a study conducted by the National Academy of Medicine, medical care only accounts for approximately 10%-20% of a person’s health outcome. In contrast, most social determinants of mental health and physical health play a major role in influencing their overall health. It makes up 80%-90% of all contributing factors. 

 

In this article, we are going to be exploring all social determinants of mental health and physical health and well-being, including all the roles and forms. 

 

Overview

Social determinants of mental health and physical health fall into five different groups:

 

1. Healthcare 

Under healthcare fall various factors that encompass a person’s access to healthcare facilities and qualities, like health literacy, health insurance coverage, and access to primary healthcare. 

 

2. Economic Stability 

Economic stability refers to the link between a person’s mental health and physical health with their finances. It includes employment, food security, poverty, and housing stability. 

 

3. Education 

Education focuses on the connection between a person’s access to the right educational resources, its quality, as well as their mental and physical health. It can encompass secondary and higher education, childhood development, language, and literacy. 

 

4. Social and community life 

A person’s social and community life revolves around how they live their life, work, and learn. It also includes how these factors are related to their health. Various factors here include discrimination, incarceration, civic participation, and conditions in the workplace. 

 

5. Neighborhood 

Under this group fall a person’s environment and housing, and its role in their mental health as well as physical. The factors that affect this determinant are transportation, housing quality, accessibility to healthy food, quality of water, crime, and violence. 

 

All the factors and determinants in every group are often interwoven and related to each other. 

 

Access to healthcare 

 

 

One out of every 10 people in the US lives without access to quality healthcare and health insurance. They do not have the money to make any vital healthcare decisions and purchases, like necessary tests and medication. 

 

Moreover, some people also live too far away from healthcare clinics to get the care they deserve. Black Americans are more likely to live without good health insurance than White Americans. As of 2018, approximately 9% of Black Americans did not have access to healthcare due to the lack of health insurance. This rate was approximately 5% in the case of White Americans. 

 

Improving access to quality healthcare 

There are multiple ways to help improve one’s access to quality healthcare. For example, healthcare clinics should offer remote appointments as and when possible. 

 

The Healthy People 2030 campaign was launched recently with several objectives in mind to improve healthcare access. The aim is:

 

- To reduce waiting time for people in emergency situations

- To increase the proportion of adults receiving lung cancer screenings 

- To increase community services offering health screenings. 

 

Economic stability

Economic stability is essential when it comes to affording various lifestyle choices and paying for quality healthcare to keep people healthy. A steady, well-paying job is necessary in such cases to get housing stability and food security. Therefore, savings are important to manage chronic conditions or healthcare emergencies.

 

However, one out of every 10 people in the U.S. lives in poverty. Those employed in steady work might not earn enough to gain access to qualitative healthcare. Moreover, disabilities and chronic health conditions can put people at various disadvantages.

 

Studies have shown that there is a huge gap in health outcomes of different communities and countries with different social determinants of mental health and physical health. People living in countries with high GDP have a life expectancy of 19 years higher than those with lower GDPs. 

 

Improving economic stability

 

As per the Healthy People 2030 campaign, organizing various programs that increase one’s funds for institutions is necessary. These institutions include employment programs, high-quality child care, and career counseling. 

 

Therefore, healthcare providers and the government should establish policies that help people pay for their necessities like food, healthcare, education, and housing. 

 

Access To Quality Education

 

 

As per data from the US, there is a pretty strong correlation between one’s income and education levels and mental health and physical health indicators. Whether a child or an adolescent, access to quality education during their developmental stages helps determine their future situations and living conditions. 

 

Early childhood education is extremely important for developing social, physical, and mental health. Good quality education opens up multiple new doors to further their employment opportunities and education.

 

Children coming from low-income households or those who have disabilities or experience any form of social discrimination during their developmental stages are less likely to do well at school. Due to this, they might also face barriers when it comes to receiving higher levels of education.

 

As a result, those coming from low-income families struggle to get safe, stable, well-paying jobs. It also means that they are more likely to experience ailments in context to their physical health as well as mental health. 

 

The added stress of their economic difficulties adversely impacts one’s health and well-being. For example, a child’s brain development can be negatively affected due to living in poverty. 

 

Improving access to education

The U.S. Government today is taking precautions to improve access to education for everyone. Funding of Title I schools encourages continued education among people living in poverty or low-income communities.

 

The Healthy People 2030 campaign is also taking measures to improve the percentage of people getting better access to high-quality education, no matter their age group. 

 

Social and Community Life 

Interactions between an individual with their family members or co-workers can affect their mental health.

 

For example, workplace discrimination can adversely affect one’s mental health and self-esteem. 

 

Moreover, absent parents, negligent caregivers, high incarceration rates, and bullying can also negatively affect one’s mental health right from their developmental age. They can impart feelings of loneliness in such crucial stages of life. These negative feelings can continue impacting their health well into adulthood as well. 

 

Improving community environment

Many social determinants of physical and mental health are different factors that one cannot control individually in usual cases. Fostering a positive relationship with others at home, at work, or in their community can improve people’s overall well-being.

 

Programs that better one’s social determinants of physical and mental health can include social campaigns to implement smoke-free zones, curbed use of tobacco, thereby decreasing smoking-related diseases. According to the Healthy People 2030 campaign, it is important to offer people such support and care for their own good. For example, it is essential to reduce depression and anxiety by offering children more care and support, especially those with disabilities. 

 

Neighborhood

A person’s neighborhood and their living conditions can negatively/positively have a huge impact on their health and safety. 

 

Globally, most individuals live in areas with:

- A high rate of violent crimes

- An elevated level of environmental pollution 

- Unsanitary conditions 

- Unsafe drinking water and air 

 

Marginalized groups of people and those from low-income communities/households are more likely to reside in places with these risks. Even at one’s workplace, one can easily come into contact with elements that can potentially harm their physical as well as mental health, like secondhand smoke.

 

Improving living conditions

At both micro and macro levels, one can try to make changes to improve their environment, physical and mental health, and overall well-being. 

 

For example, corporations can aim at reducing health and safety risks at workplaces, or local councils can help pedestrians and cyclists with dedicated paths. 

 

COVID-19

The effects of the social determinants of physical and mental health are coming out to be more pronounced during times of crisis like the ongoing global pandemic, Covid-19. As per a 2021 study, one’s racial background and socioeconomic status have negatively affected mortality and Covid-19 incidences.

 

During the global pandemic, the marginalized groups have experienced discrimination, crowded living conditions, financial insecurity, and having to rely on public transportation, unlike the rich, who had resources to close themselves off from the world and stay safe. Access to sanitizers, masks, food, and even enclosed spaces to isolate themselves if they caught the disease are major issues that significantly displayed how socioeconomic factors can affect every aspect of one’s life. 

 

Summary

The social and economic conditions into which one is born and the way they live their life have a profound impact on their physical as well as mental health

 

Where people are born, live, educate themselves, and work is what constitutes various social determinants of physical as well as mental health. These factors can influence different opportunities for people, including what they eat, the nutrition they consume, their level of education, the community they live in, access to the right healthcare, their working conditions, and so much more. 

 

Various Government bodies and the WHO are continuously working to improve people’s social determinants for physical and mental health on a global level. They are working, so everyone around the globe gets equal access to healthcare and other necessities to survive. 

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Nexlizet vs. Other Cholesterol MedicationsNexlizet is just one of many medications available to lower cholesterol levels. Other cholesterol-lowering medications include statins, fibrates, and bile acid sequestrants. Each of these medications works in a slightly different way to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.Statins are one of the most commonly prescribed cholesterol-lowering medications and work by blocking an enzyme in the liver that is involved in the production of cholesterol. Statins have been shown to be effective in lowering LDL cholesterol levels and reducing the risk of heart disease. However, some individuals may experience side effects, such as muscle pain or liver problems, while taking statins.9. ConclusionIn conclusion, Nexlizet is a powerful medication that can help reduce lower cholesterol levels and improve overall cardiovascular health. By lowering LDL cholesterol levels and increasing HDL cholesterol levels, Nexlizet can help reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. While Nexlizet may cause side effects in some individuals, it is generally well-tolerated and effective in lowering cholesterol levels.If you are interested in taking Nexlizet to lower your cholesterol levels, it is important to talk to your doctor first. Your doctor can determine if Nexlizet is appropriate for you based on your medical history and current medications. By following your doctor's recommendations and leading a healthy lifestyle, you can help lower your cholesterol levels and improve your overall health with Nexlizet.

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Adding a few drops to your shampoo or creating a DIY hair mask may promote a healthy scalp, reduce dandruff, and add a natural shine to your locks.Antioxidant Properties: The high concentration of antioxidants in lemon essential oil aids in neutralizing free radicals. This supports overall health and contributes to the prevention of premature aging and chronic diseases.Natural Deodorizer: Bid farewell to synthetic air fresheners lemon essential oil is a natural deodorizer. Its fresh and clean scent makes it ideal for eliminating unpleasant odors in various settings.Focus and Concentration: Diffusing lemon essential oil may enhance mental clarity and concentration, making it a valuable tool for work or study environments.How TO Use Lemon Essential OilAromatherapy: The art of aromatherapy takes center stage with lemon essential oil. Diffusing it in your home or office creates a refreshing and uplifting atmosphere, setting the stage for enhanced mood and productivity.Massage Oil: Elevate your massage experience with lemon essential oil. Mix a few drops with a carrier oil for a rejuvenating massage, promoting relaxation and easing tension.Skincare: The benefits of lemon essential oil extend to skincare. Add a drop to your moisturizer or facial cleanser to enjoy its antibacterial and astringent properties, promoting a clear and radiant complexion.Cleaning Products: Wave goodbye to harsh chemicals lemon essential oil can be a key ingredient in homemade cleaning solutions. Its natural disinfectant properties make it effective for cleaning surfaces and maintaining a hygienic environment.Inhalation: For quick and effective results, inhale the vapor of lemon essential oil. Whether through a diffuser or by adding a few drops to hot water, this method can provide instant relief from stress, congestion, and fatigue.Check This Out: Oils that Help in Healing Scars NaturallyRisks and Side Effects of Lemon Essential OilSkin Sensitivity and Phototoxicity: Lemon essential oil contains compounds, particularly psoralens, that can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight. This heightened sensitivity, known as phototoxicity, may result in skin irritation, redness, or burns when exposed to sunlight after applying the oil topically. To mitigate this risk, avoid direct sunlight for at least 12-24 hours after using lemon essential oil on the skin.Allergic Reactions: Individuals with citrus allergies may be more prone to allergic reactions when using lemon essential oil. Symptoms can include itching, swelling, and rash. Before incorporating lemon essential oil into your routine, mainly if you have known allergies, perform a patch test on a small area of your skin to assess your body's reaction.Gastrointestinal Distress: Ingesting essential oils should be approached with caution. While adding a drop or two of lemon essential oil to the water for flavoring is generally considered safe, consuming large quantities of undiluted oil can lead to gastrointestinal distress, including nausea and upset stomach. Always ensure you are using high-quality, food-grade oil.Respiratory Sensitivity: Inhalation of essential oils, including lemon essential oil, can trigger respiratory sensitivity in some individuals. Those with pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should exercise caution.Interaction with Medications: Lemon essential oil may interact with certain medications. For instance, it can enhance the effects of photosensitizing drugs, increasing the risk of sunburn. Additionally, it may interfere with medications metabolized by the liver.Also Read: Awesome Benefits of Lemon Balm Extracts and OilsConclusionThe essence of lemon essential oil transcends its citrusy aroma, offering many health and wellness benefits. From supporting the immune system and enhancing mood to promoting respiratory health and serving as a natural disinfectant, its applications are as diverse as its refreshing scent. Exercise prudence while incorporating lemon essential oil into your routine by considering potential risks and individual sensitivities. With due diligence, this citrusy wonder can become a cornerstone in your journey toward holistic well-being, proving that nature's remedies can be practical and delightful.FAQsWhat is a lemon essential oil used for?Lemon essential oil finds application in various aspects of daily life. From aromatherapy and skincare to cleaning and promoting overall well-being, its versatility makes it a valuable addition to any wellness routine.Who should not use lemon essential oil?Individuals with citrus allergies or sensitive skin should cautiously approach lemon essential oil. Pregnant or nursing women should consult a healthcare professional before incorporating it into their routines.What does lemon essential oil do spiritually?In aromatherapy, lemon essential oil is believed to have cleansing and uplifting properties that extend beyond the physical realm. Many individuals use it to create a positive and spiritually charged atmosphere.Is it OK to put lemon essential oil in water?Yes, adding a drop or two of high-quality, food-grade lemon essential oil to water for flavoring is generally safe. However, it is crucial to be mindful of potential skin sensitivities and ensure the oil is safe for internal use.

Discover Effective Natural Treatments for PCOS | PCOS Management Blog

Title: PCOS Management: Exploring Natural Treatment Options Introduction:Living with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can be challenging, but there are natural treatment options that can help manage and alleviate its symptoms. While medical interventions like medications and hormonal therapies are important, adopting a holistic approach to PCOS management can provide additional benefits. In this blog post, we will delve into the world of natural treatments for PCOS and explore effective techniques to manage this condition effectively, without relying solely on conventional medical interventions.1. The Power of Balanced Nutrition:Proper nutrition plays a vital role in managing PCOS. Maintaining a well-balanced diet with a focus on whole, unprocessed foods can help alleviate symptoms and promote overall well-being. A diet rich in lean proteins, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates helps stabilize blood sugar levels, reduce inflammation, and regulate hormone levels. Incorporating foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and whole grains into your daily meals can have a positive impact on PCOS symptoms.Additionally, specific dietary interventions have shown promising results in managing PCOS symptoms. For instance, a low-glycemic index diet can help regulate insulin levels, improve insulin resistance, and promote weight loss. Similarly, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods like turmeric, ginger, and green leafy vegetables into your diet can reduce inflammation and alleviate PCOS symptoms.2. Regular Exercise: A Powerful Ally:Physical activity is not only beneficial for maintaining overall health but also highly effective in managing PCOS symptoms naturally. Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity, aids in weight management, and reduces stress levels - all key factors in PCOS management. Engaging in activities such as walking, jogging, cycling, or strength training for at least 150 minutes per week can have a significant impact on PCOS symptoms.Incorporating exercises that target the core muscles, such as Pilates or yoga, can be particularly beneficial for women with PCOS. These exercises enhance flexibility, improve circulation, and reduce stress, positively affecting hormone levels and overall well-being. Remember, consistency is key when it comes to exercise; starting slowly and gradually increasing intensity is a great way to establish a sustainable routine.3. The Healing Powers of Herbal Remedies:Herbal remedies offer a natural and gentle approach to addressing PCOS symptoms. Several herbs have been studied and found to be effective in managing various aspects of PCOS. For example, spearmint tea has shown promise in reducing excess hair growth by lowering androgen levels in women with PCOS. Cinnamon has been found to improve insulin sensitivity, regulate menstrual cycles, and reduce inflammation.Other herbal remedies such as chasteberry, saw palmetto, and black cohosh can also help manage hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating herbal remedies into your treatment plan, as each person's needs and interactions with medications may vary.4. Stress Management: Your Gatekeeper to Wellness:Stress can exacerbate PCOS symptoms by further disrupting hormone levels and insulin resistance. Implementing effective stress management techniques is crucial to achieving holistic PCOS management. Incorporating mindfulness practices like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga can help reduce stress, enhance overall well-being, and regulate hormonal imbalances.Additionally, engaging in enjoyable activities such as hobbies, spending time in nature, or participating in calming massages can significantly reduce stress levels. It is important to remember that stress management is highly individual; finding what works best for you will create a personalized routine that benefits both body and mind.5. Essential Oils: Nature's Aromatherapy Allies:Essential oils have gained popularity for their therapeutic properties and potential benefits in managing PCOS symptoms naturally. Aromatherapy using essential oils like lavender, clary sage, and geranium can help balance hormone levels, reduce stress, enhance relaxation, and promote overall well-being.Incorporating essential oils into your daily routine can be as simple as adding a few drops to a warm bath, using them in massage oils, or diffusing them in your living space. However, it is crucial to ensure the quality and purity of essential oils and consider individual sensitivities or allergies before use.6. Adequate Sleep: A Pillar of PCOS Management:Getting enough quality sleep is often overlooked but plays a significant role in PCOS management. Sleep deprivation and irregular sleeping patterns can disrupt hormonal balance, increase stress levels, and contribute to weight gain or difficulty losing weight.Establishing a regular sleep routine, creating a calming environment, and practicing relaxation techniques before bed can improve sleep quality and enhance PCOS control. Aim for consistent sleeping hours and ensure your sleep environment is conducive to relaxation and rest.7. Acupuncture: A Time-Tested Holistic Approach:Acupuncture, an ancient Chinese therapy, has shown potential in managing PCOS symptoms. This traditional practice involves the insertion of fine needles into specific points or meridians in the body to stimulate energy flow and promote healing. Acupuncture can help regulate menstrual cycles, alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve hormonal balance.When seeking acupuncture as a natural treatment for PCOS, it is essential to consult with a licensed acupuncturist experienced in treating reproductive health conditions. They can tailor the treatment plan to address your specific symptoms and provide guidance on session frequency and duration.8. Supplements: Nurturing Your Body from Within:Supplements can complement a holistic approach to PCOS management. Although individual needs may vary, some supplements have shown promise in alleviating PCOS symptoms. For example, inositol, a B-vitamin-like compound, has been found to improve insulin resistance and regulate menstrual cycles. Omega-3 fatty acids, specifically from fish oil, can help reduce inflammation and promote hormonal balance.When considering supplements, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to determine the appropriate dosage and assess any potential interactions with medications or individual health conditions.9. Seeking Support: The Power of Community:Navigating the complexities of PCOS management can be emotionally challenging. Building a support system and fostering connections with others experiencing similar challenges can provide a sense of belonging, empathy, and shared knowledge. Joining support groups, online forums, or seeking counseling can create a sense of community that encourages self-care, positive lifestyle changes, and emotional well-being.10. Integrating Conventional and Natural Treatments:While the focus of this blog post has been on natural treatment options, it is important to remember that an integrative approach that combines conventional and natural treatments may yield the best results. Working closely with a healthcare professional who specializes in PCOS can help you develop a personalized treatment plan that incorporates natural therapies alongside medical interventions, ensuring the most comprehensive care for your individual needs.In conclusion, for those seeking natural treatment options for PCOS, there are numerous effective strategies available. By adopting a holistic approach that includes balanced nutrition, regular exercise, stress management techniques, herbal remedies, essential oils, sufficient sleep, acupuncture, supplements, seeking support, and integrating conventional treatments, women with PCOS can find relief from symptoms and improve their overall well-being. Remember, always consult with healthcare professionals or specialists to tailor a treatment plan that suits your unique needs and ensures optimal results. Embrace the power of nature and take control of your PCOS journey today!