Conjunctivitis is a condition most commonly referred to as pink eye. It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection that inflames the outer layer of the eye. The symptoms of the malady can differ based on the cause of it. Different causes of conjunctivitis include: viral, bacterial, chemical, or an allergic reaction to a specific substance. Symptoms range from red eye, hence the name, irritation, and watering. All types of conjunctivitis can be easily diagnosed and treated.
Viral conjunctivitis is most commonly associated with conditions such as the common cold. This particular type of conjunctivitis can be easily spread from one eye to the other and is characterized by light pink, irritated, and watery eyes. The condition can be stifled by using cool compresses and cleansing the eyes on a regular basis. Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by just that, a bacteria that infects the eye and surrounding area and differs from viral conjunctivitis in that there is almost always an opaque discharge from the eye. Due to the pus like qualities of the excretion eyelids can become adhered to one another during sleep. Bacterial infection commonly only lasts for a few days before it resolves itself. A persistent case may be treated with antibiotics.
The least common instigator of conjunctivitis is acidic or alkali chemicals. If such a substance comes in contact with the eye is can cause chemical burns that discolor the eye. This type of injury should be immediately treated by a medical professional to reduce the risk of lingering tissue damage to the eye. Conjunctivitis is a common occurrence that most people have to deal with at least once in their lifetime. The most important thing is to properly diagnose the cause of the condition so that you might properly treat and be rid of it.