Food poisoning happens when bacteria gets into food or drinks and is consumed. The person who consumes the bacteria ridden food or drink becomes very ill. The degree of the food poisoning usually depends on the amount of infected food or drink that has been consumed. There are over 200 known bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can cause food poisoning. Some of the most common types of food poisoning are: Botulism, Campylobacter, Cholera, E. coli enteritis, Fish poisoning, Listeria, Salmonella, and Shigella.
Bacteria, Viruses, and Parasites can get into food or drinks in many different ways. All of those ways are completely preventable. Cleanliness while preparing and serving food is the best way to prevent food poisoning. Poor food handling and preparation policies are quite often the causes of food poisoning in cafes and restaurants. Food prepared by someone with dirty hands or fingernails, cooking with dirty dishes or utensils. Food not kept at the right temperature, food that has been under cooked, and unwashed vegetables and fruits can cause food poisoning.
Sometimes food is contaminated before it’s cooked. Meat and poultry can become contaminated and cause food poisoning if, during processing it comes into contact with intestinal bacteria of the animal itself or of another animal that had been processed previously. Most often a person who has consumed contaminated food will begin to get sick within the first two to six hours after eating the contaminated food. The symptoms of food poisoning include stomach cramps,vomiting,diarrhea,weakness, headache, fever, and cold chills. The treatment of food poisoning is very simple. Food poisoning normally last only a few days and can be treated just like a virus. It is always important to stay hydrated when you are sick especially if vomiting and diarrhea present. Food poisoning usually only last around twelve to fourteen hours and should be allowed to run its course.