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Celiac Disease

cured Celiac Disease

 

Celiac disease affects a lot of individuals in the country today. The common name for proteins in specific grains is gluten. It can create a toxic reaction that can cause some damage to the small intestine. When the damage to the small intestine occurs, food cannot be properly absorbed and can cause a host of issues in the body. If celiac disease is left untreated in the body, damage to the small bowel will occur, which can be life-threatening and increase the risk of contracting other disorders. Another form of celiac disease is dermatitis herpetiformis, the skin manifestation of the disease, which can lead to blisters and itchy skin. Patients with this form of celiac can have intestinal damage without having any of the typical gastrointestinal signs. The cause of celiac disease, a gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is a mystery to the medical world but is known to be inherited.

When a family member is diagnosed with the disease, it is recommended that all family members get tested to be sure they do not have it. Celiac disease can be dormant in the body for years before symptoms start. Traumatic events to the body, such as childbirth, viral infections, or severe stress, can trigger the disease. Classic celiac symptoms are abdominal cramping, bloating of the stomach, chronic fecal issues, and unexplained weight gain/loss or bone/joint pain. Specific antibody tests can be done to properly diagnose the patient. Still, a gluten-free diet must be followed for at least 4 weeks for the test to be accurate. The only treatments for these two chronic disorders are lifelong adherence to a gluten-free diet with no room for error. Adapting to this change is not easy and will take practice, such as reading labels to identify hidden gluten ingredients. Celiac disease can cause major shifts in a person's lifestyle. But following the proper diet can lead to a pain-free life.

 

Complications Caused by Celiac Disease

Celiac disease can cause a lot of problems if it is left untreated. One of the problems is malnutrition. This can happen if the small intestine cannot absorb the number of nutrients that are required for the body. This can lead to weight loss and anemia. Malnutrition can lead to short stature and slow growth in kids. Another problem is the weakening of the bones. The malabsorption of vitamin D and calcium can cause the softening of the bone in the form of rickets or osteomalacia in kids and a decline in the density of the bones, called osteoporosis or osteopenia in adults. There are also risks of miscarriage and infertility. The malabsorption of vitamin D and calcium can lead to many reproductive problems. You might even develop intolerance to lactose. Any damage to the small intestine can cause diarrhea and pain in the abdominal area after drinking or eating any dairy products that have lactose. After your intestine has recovered from the damage, you may be able to take dairy products again. People with this disease who do not have a gluten-free diet have a higher risk of getting different types of cancer. This includes small bowel cancer and intestinal lymphoma.

There can also be several problems with the nervous system. Some people with this disease get problems such as seizures or some diseases to the nerves of the feet and the hands called peripheral neuropathy.

 

How is the Diagnosis of Celiac Disease Made?

You may have a healthcare provider that might think that you have this disease. Then they will undertake a detailed physical examination and talk about your medical history with you. The provider may also ask you to take a blood test to measure the levels of antibodies to the level of gluten. Sometimes having a test done for this disease in the blood may be good for you. Your healthcare provider may perform other tests to seek nutritional shortages. This can be a blood test that helps to find out the levels of iron in your body. Any low level of iron can lead to anemia and cause celiac disease. Your health care provider may take a biopsy of your small intestine to look for any damages to the villi. In the biopsy, the healthcare provider will insert an endoscope. It is a hollow and thin tube. It will be inserted through the mount into the small intestine and take a sample of the small intestine with an instrument. This is done with anesthesia or sedation to not cause any discomfort during the entire procedure.

 

Conclusion

You should ask your healthcare provider about testing you and your blood relations to find out if anybody is at risk of this disease. This is because this disease tends to be present in the genes of some families. There may be a member in the family that has this condition. This can include diabetes as well. You should also consult your health care provider if you have digestive discomfort or diarrhea that lasts a couple of weeks. You should consult your kid's doctor if the kid is failing to grow, irritable or pale. It is also a cause of concern if the kid has bulky and foul-smelling stools and has a potbelly. Do not start any gluten-free diet before consulting your doctor first. You can reduce or stop the amount of gluten that you are eating before you have done the testing for celiac disease. Then you may not get accurate results in your tests.

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