Everything about Diabetes: Symptoms, Cause & Risk Factors

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases today and that every other person is suffering from the disease. In that scenario, it becomes vital to know everything about diabetes so as to act & bring about changes in the lifestyle accordingly. 

In this article, we’ll talk everything about diabetes -- what is diabetes, symptoms, causes 7 risk factors. Read the article to keep yourself informed and away from this life-threatening disease. Let’s get started:

Everything about Diabetes:

What is diabetes?

Diabetes shows up when your body is not able to produce or use insulin, which consequently results in too much blood sugar or glucose accumulation in the body. That is why we say someone with diabetes has high sugar. 

Blood glucose is one of the vital sources of energy in the human body, which comes from the food that we eat. Insulin helps in the conversion of this glucose into energy to be utilized by the body. The insulin hormone is produced by the pancreas! When your body is not able to produce enough insulin or the insulin hormone is not doing the job properly, the glucose does not reach your cells staying in your blood. 

Different Hormones play different roles in our bodies. They are essential for our overall health. Hormonal imbalance can have a huge impact on your physical, emotional & mental health. 

This accumulation of glucose in the blood, over a longer period of time, causes many health issues. There is no direct cure for diabetes, you can only take care of your eating & other habits to prevent the side-effects.

Types of Diabetes:

There are two types of Diabetes -- type 1 & type 2. Let’s read further to know everything about diabetes & its types:

Type 1 diabetes: It occurs when there is no production of insulin in the body. This type of diabetes is usually seen in kids and teenagers, but adults can also develop this form of diabetes. 

Type 2 diabetes:  In this type of diabetes, most of the food is converted into glucose in the body. The body cells are not able to use insulin properly & the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. There is too much accumulation of insulin in the body, which further leads to serious health issues like kidney, nerves, heart & eye diseases. 

Symptoms of diabetes

When we are discussing everything about diabetes -- it’s vital to discuss symptoms of diabetes. From person to person, these symptoms can be different. There are almost no visible symptoms of diabetes in the beginning. However, without letting you even know, it might have started causing damage to your eyes, kidneys & other organs. So, it’s important to get diagnosed and know everything about diabetes symptoms from where it starts. 

Here are some common symptoms of Diabetes:

  • Extreme thirst.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Dry, itchy skin.
  • Extreme hunger.
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue or drowsiness.
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Numbness in the feet & hands.

If diabetes is left untreated for a longer period of time, it can result in increased blood sugar levels. This will come up with symptoms like vomiting, pain in the abdomen, dehydration, dehydration & sometimes it might also cause coma or death.

Causes of Diabetes:

There are different causes for different forms of diabetes. Let’s discuss them one-by-one:

Type 1 Diabetes: Until now there isn’t any clear explanation of how & why type 1 diabetes is caused. However, from the expert analysis, it could be observed that -- this form of diabetes might be caused when beta cells, the insulin-producing beta cells are mistakenly destroyed. The second factor can be genes. It could be possible that some virus gives a push to the immune system attack. 

Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes is the result of two factors including lifestyle & genes. Other than that, if you are obese or overweight, you are certainly at the risk of falling prey to type diabetes. When you carry extra weight in your belly the resistance to the effect of insulin is evident. This form of diabetes runs in families & people with type 2 diabetes family history are certainly vulnerable. 

Risk Factors for Diabetes:

We have discussed almost everything about diabetes in brief. We are still left with another important consideration that is the risk factors for diabetes. Let’s discuss the risk factors for each of the two types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes: There is an immune reaction that causes type 1 diabetes. We have discussed the same previously, the body inadvertently attacks itself. However, the risk factors for type 1 diabetes are not clear, we have collected some data from authentic sources. Here are some of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

  • A family history: you are vulnerable if someone in the family including brother, sister, father, or mother had type 1 diabetes.

  • Age: Type diabetes is caused mostly in your teenage or during childhood. Some people also develop it during their adulthood.

  • The percentage of whites developing type 1 diabetes is higher than that of the African Americans in the USA.

Type 2 Diabetes: You are at risk of falling prey to type 2 diabetes in the following cases:

  • If you are 45 or more than 45 years of age. 

  • If you have prediabetes.

  • If you are obese or overweight.

  • If you are not active through the week, months & days.

  • It’s genetic.


Diabetes can be a life-threatening condition, if not diagnosed and taken care of on time. Until now there isn’t any treatment available for diabetes -- however, you can reduce the effect or prevent it by making certain lifestyle changes & habits. Common symptoms of diabetes are extreme hunger, extreme thrust, frequent urine discharge, itchy skin, fatigue & more. Most people with obesity & a family history of diabetes are at risk! Hope this information that tells almost everything about diabetes will help you take precautions and prevent the symptoms. 


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