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AIDS

Cured Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

 

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a severe medical condition affecting millions of people worldwide. According to the data from WHO, 37.7 million people worldwide have AIDS. This disease attacks the immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. 

The disease can be transmitted to other people and spread by coming in contact with body fluids. It is also spread by anal, vaginal, or oral sex. It can be spread through blood transfusions as well. Treatments are available for this condition, but there is no cure. The drugs that are used to treat AIDS are really expensive and are not available in all countries. This disease can cause death.

 

What are the symptoms of AIDS?

  • AIDS was discovered in 1981. AIDS causes many infections because the immune system is not strong enough to fight the infections. AIDS is a mean disease and is extremely hard to treat.

 

A first-stage infection (Acute HIV)

Some persons have flu-like symptoms within 2–4 weeks of HIV infection. This is called the Primary (acute) HIV infection or the acute phase. The symptoms that may occur are: 

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Pain in the muscles and joints
  •  Rash
  • Flaring of the throat
  • Canker sores
  • Swelling of lymph nodes, most noticeably in the neck
  • Diarrhea
  • Dropping pounds
  • Cough
  • Night-time perspiring

It's possible that you won't even notice these symptoms if they are mild enough. However, at this moment, your viral load (the amount of virus in your bloodstream) is relatively high. Primary infection results in easier transmission than secondary infection.

 

Latent or secondary infection (Chronic HIV)

  • HIV is still prevalent in the body and white blood cells at this time. Many people, however, may show no signs of illness or infection during this time. Lack of access to antiretroviral medication can prolong this disease phase significantly. Some are predisposed to more serious conditions at an earlier age.

HIV infection and progression to AIDS

It is possible to get minor infections or persistent symptoms when the virus multiplies and destroys your immune cells, which are responsible for protecting your body from microorganisms. The following symptoms occur when the infection has progressed and developed into AIDS. 

  • Recurring fever / chills
  • Fatigue
  • One of the earliest indicators of HIV infection is the appearance of lymphadenopathy or lymph node swelling.
  • Chronic Diarrhea
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Painful and embarrassing yeast infection in the mouth (thrush)
  • Toenail fungus (herpes zoster)
  • Pneumonia
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Persistent white patches or odd lesions on your tongue or in your mouth
  • Persistent, inexplicable tiredness
  • Weakness
  • Decreased body fat
  • Skin rashes or bumps

 

How is AIDS diagnosed?

  • Testing may be done anonymously. Your findings will be kept private. You may be tested at your doctor's office or a sexual health clinic.
  • There are two HIV tests: preliminary tests identifying HIV antibodies (Rapid Diagnostic Tests) and final confirming tests (ELISA test). If the rapid test, which needs a blood prick, detects HIV, a second laboratory-based test must confirm the person's HIV status. If the rapid test results are negative, no further testing is necessary.
  • If HIV infection is confirmed, your doctor will discuss treatment choices, support groups, and other programs to assist you in dealing with the disease. You should notify your sexual partners (past, present, and prospective) to help them avoid HIV or obtain treatment if they are infected. 
  • The regulations governing whether partners must be notified differs across provinces; however, most governments have created facilities for reporting partners. If necessary, your doctor or the provincial ministry of health may be able to assist your partners in obtaining testing and treatment.

 

What are the treatments for AIDS?

  • Many AIDS clinics are located all over the United States. You can find these clinics listed in the online business directories. 
  • Although HIV has no cure, several medications are available to treat the infection. These medications (known as antiretroviral treatment or ART) frequently prevent HIV from developing into AIDS. Even if HIV progresses to AIDS, antiretroviral treatment is often beneficial. However, the earlier you begin therapy, the more successful it is.
  • Even if you take HIV medications and feel OK, you might still spread the infection to others through unsafe intercourse (without a condom) or blood exchanges. The medications do not eliminate the virus; instead, they maintain your immune system strong enough to prevent or halt the progression of AIDS.
  • If the diagnosis is made early, treatment is more accessible, and life may be prolonged. In case you think you may be affected by this disease, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
  • People diagnosed with AIDS must not be discriminated against. They have a right to medical treatment. There are support groups for individuals suffering from this condition and for families of loved ones trying to cope with the disease. 

 

HIV Vaccines: Latest Updates

  • On March 14, 2022, NIAID director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. announced, "Finding an HIV vaccine has proven to be a tremendous scientific hurdle. With the success of COVID-19 vaccines that are both safe and efficacious, we now have an intriguing chance to explore whether mRNA technology may achieve comparable outcomes against HIV infection."
  • According to the NIH or the National Institutes of Health, "there are no vaccinations to prevent or treat HIV, but persons with HIV can benefit from immunizations against other infections." The vaccinations recommended for patients living with HIV are hepatitis B, HPV, influenza, pneumococcal, tetanus, meningococcal, diphtheria, and pertussis. Additional immunizations may be suggested for an HIV-positive individual depending on their age, past vaccinations, risk factors for a specific disease, or HIV-related variables.
  • July 8, 2022 - A new preclinical study conducted by Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) researcher Jonah Sacha, Ph.D. will assess the potential use of an investigational medicine (leronlimab) as a gene therapy that might eliminate the need for HIV patients to take daily antiviral drugs. 
  • In a previous investigation, Sacha and colleagues discovered that leronlimab prevented nonhuman primates from contracting the monkey type of HIV. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases gave OHSU a grant of up to $5 million for the study.

 

Conclusion

HIV causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a chronic, sometimes fatal illness (HIV). HIV impairs your body's capacity to fight infection and disease by destroying your immune system. HIV/AIDS has no cure, although drugs can manage the virus and prevent disease development. 

Antiviral therapies for HIV have lowered AIDS fatalities worldwide, and international organizations are attempting to expand the availability of preventative and treatment measures in resource-limited nations. With Cured.com, you can remain up to date on all the latest developments on various diseases and illnesses, be aware, and stay healthy.

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