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Athlete's Foot

cured Athlete's Foot

 

When the foot is hot, moist, and irritated, an athlete's foot is a fungal infection of the upper skin layer. There is a fungus called Trichophyton that causes an athlete's foot. It can be found on floors and in garments and is known to cause athlete's foot. The athlete's foot fungus can only spread to the skin in a specific environment - like the inside of a shoe, which is a warm and moist environment. The condition affects only about 0.75 percent of people who walk barefoot regularly.

Despite this, up to 60 percent of people will develop athlete's foot at some point in their lives. It usually causes burning, stinging, redness, and itching. It also causes flaking of the skin in some people. It is a common type of fungal infection. Although it is contagious, an athlete's foot can usually be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medication. However, individuals with a weakened immune system or diabetes should see a doctor as soon as an athlete's foot develops.

 

Causes

Infections in human skin, hair, and nails are caused by the fungus Trichophyton, which is a dermatophyte. Human skin is not infected by these fungi. If the skin is clean and dry, they will not reproduce as much as they would like. However, the growth of these organisms is rapid under moist and warm conditions. Athletes' foot are more likely to appear in thick, tight shoes because they squeeze the toes together, making them ideal for the growth of the fungus. There is a greater likelihood of an athlete's foot developing in plastic shoes, which warm and moisten your feet the most.

There is also a greater risk of an athlete's foot developing if socks are damp and feet are warm.

The spread of an athlete's foot can happen directly or indirectly:

  • A person can contract the fungus through indirect contacts, such as contaminated clothes, socks, shoes, bed linen, or towels that have been infected with the fungus
  • Pools and communal showers are humid and warm, making it common for athletes' feet to spread around them.
  • Athletes' foot are more likely to occur in people who have weakened immune systems.

 

Prevention

The secret to minimizing the risk of developing an athlete's foot is always to have clean and dry feet, shoes, and socks.

Experts advise the following:

  • You should wash your feet twice a day with soap and water. Keep the toes clean by always washing them.
  • Maintain a dry foot. It is possible to treat the feet by applying antifungal talcum powder. There are a number of antifungal talcum powder products available online that can be purchased. Keep your feet as dry as possible at home by walking barefoot.
  • Once you have finished exercising or playing sports, remove your shoes.
  • It is best to wear loose shoes. Shoes should be made from leather or canvas, as they are the best materials.
  • When placing tights, socks, or stockings on your feet, ensure that they are dry. During the summer, wear socks made from materials such as cotton, silk, and wool that help to keep your feet dry.
  • Slippers should be worn when walking around public swimming pools, changing rooms, and showers. Online shopping is available for pool slippers in a wide range of sizes.
  • Maintain relatively dry footwear by changing your shoes regularly. 
  • Shoes should never be shared.
  • A regular wash of sheets and towels is recommended.
  • You should take your pet to the veterinarian if they display hair loss. You can even get athletes' foot from your pets.
  • A child can still attend school with an athlete's foot, provided their teacher is informed so that appropriate measures can be taken before and during physical education. At school, it is not advisable for the child to walk barefoot.

 

Complications

Experts recommend treating an athlete's foot immediately despite its mild symptoms and rare complications. The risk of complications is significantly reduced when the condition is treated early.

 

Fungal nail infection

A condition known as onychomycosis can spread to the toenails if the athlete's foot is untreated. The nail becomes thick, opaque, whitish, and crumbly as the layers thicken. The skin under the nail may be inflamed and painful. A severe toenail infection may eventually lead to additional pain and difficulty wearing shoes, even if one is unable to walk.

 

Secondary bacterial infection

Symptoms include swelling, pain, and hotness of the foot.

Infected lymph system

There is a possibility that the infection will spread to the lymphatic system. It is best to understand that lymphatic vessels are infected by lymphadenitis while lymphatic nodes are infected by lymphangitis.

 

Cellulitis

Infections deep within the skin are caused by bacteria. There is a possibility that the skin, fat, and soft tissue will be affected. There are serious complications associated with untreated cellulitis, such as septicemia (blood poisoning) and bone infections. The treatment of cellulitis with antibiotics should be immediate, even if it is the rarest symptom of an athlete's foot.

 

Allergy

Athlete's foot may cause blisters on the hands or feet for some people who are allergic to the fungus that causes it.

 

Conclusion

It is most common to develop an athlete's foot between the toes. An itchy, burning, stingy, and reddened area usually results during this stage. Some people suffer from flaking skin as well. There are many different types of fungal infections, but this is the most common one. Over-the-counter (OTC) medication is usually sufficient to treat an athlete's foot despite its contagious nature. The development of an athlete's foot should be treated immediately for those with a weak immune system or diabetes.

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