All over the world, hypertension plays a significant role in early death. The vast majority of these individuals reside in middle and low-income countries. Globally, 1.33 billion people suffer from this condition. Hypertension is a life-threatening condition characterized by increased blood pressure. A person who has hypertension may be at risk of developing diseases that can affect the body's vital organs. Hypertension is also known as the 'silent killer' since it damages the heart, restricts the blood flow to the organ, and hardens the blood vessels.
What year was Hypertension Day first observed globally?
More than 20 countries observed the first World Hypertension Day in 2005, organized by the World Hypertension League (WHL). The observance brought awareness to hypertension and the health risks involved with it. The occasion is also an opportunity to provide information on the avoidance, diagnosis, and mitigation of this silent killer. It is observed every year on May 17.
Theme for 2022
The theme for this year revolves around measuring blood pressure accurately, managing it, and living longer. This year's theme emphasizes the importance of accurate blood pressure measurements. Additionally, it aims to raise awareness about low hypertension levels in lower and middle-income countries. The theme is "Measure your blood pressure, control it, live longer.”
Around 51 percent of people are not aware that they suffer from hypertension, according to the World Health Organization. Of those suffering from hypertension, only about two out of six have it under control. There were 594 million adults suffering from the condition in 1977, but there are now 1.21 billion.
From 2008 to 2028, the World Health Organization proposed an international goal of reducing hypertension by 31 percent. A reduction in the population's risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage can be achieved by reducing the condition's prevalence. Global guidelines for treating hypertension among adults have been released for 2021 by the international organization on the occasion of World Hypertension Day.
Maintaining normal blood pressure is essential to ensure that blood flows throughout the body and reaches all organs. Many factors can result in hypertension, such as weight gain, obesity, unhealthy diets, lack of physical activity, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. In addition, certain factors cannot be changed, which may increase the risk of high blood pressure, such as genetics, family history, age, and pre-existing conditions, such as diabetes or kidney disease.
The majority of those with elevated blood pressure do not realize they have it despite the relative ease of diagnosis. Generally, people learn of their diagnosis because of health problems caused by uncontrolled blood pressure, such as strokes, cardiovascular diseases, or kidney failure. Despite the overall recommendation for systemic hypertension screenings, the evidence on their costs and benefits is inconclusive. To screen and manage hypertension effectively, practical, low-cost, and easy-to-implement strategies are needed.
Treat the cause of your high blood pressure.
When a kitchen faucet constantly overflows, you wouldn't clean it. The drain nozzle should be turned off. You should treat your blood pressure in the same way. Eliminating the cause of your problem is the most effective treatment, as underlined in the theme of World Hypertension Day.
High blood pressure can be caused by several factors, including:
- A sedentary lifestyle can cause blood pressure to rise and medications to be used more frequently.
- Consuming highly processed foods, especially if they contain a lot of sodium
- Weight issues - Losing 5%-10% of your body weight will lower your blood pressure as much or more than any medication.
- Excessive alcohol consumption can raise your blood pressure.
- Most people with high blood pressure do not receive treatment for sleep apnea, which many experts estimate at 25%-40% of them. Ask your doctor if you should be tested for sleep apnea if you snore or feel tired after waking up or if your partner observes you periodically stop breathing while asleep.
The problem of primary aldosteronism is one that was thought of as rare for a long time but is quite common in recent years. A high aldosterone level can cause high blood pressure if you can't control it on existing medications. Discuss the possibility that your high blood pressure is the result of something with your doctor. Genes play a role in high blood pressure, but experts estimate that up to half of the cause is determined by factors we can control.
Be sure to take your medications.
Taking medications is not something anyone enjoys. It is important to know the risks and benefits of any medicine we take. You are at higher risk of heart attack, stroke, and premature death if you do not take blood pressure medications. This is because you know your blood pressure is regularly over 140/90, even after you have done everything you can to treat your high blood pressure. There are several effective, low-cost, and side-effect-free blood pressure medications available today. For you to be able to control your blood pressure, you must come up with a strategy that makes sense to you and that makes sense to your doctor.
Care and monitoring
Make sure your doctor or nurse regularly checks your blood pressure. Monitoring devices are also available to keep track of your blood pressure at home. When you follow the above steps, you can use these devices to check your progress. Medications can help control high blood pressure if it is not controlled properly. Various medications are available, and you may need to try a few before finding the one that works best for you. You must take your medication regularly to stay on top of things. Following the tips above, you should also adopt a healthier lifestyle for the most beneficial effects.
Every time your heart beats, it pumps blood throughout your body, supplying oxygen and nutrients to your organs and tissues. Blood surges against your arteries every time your heart beats. It is normal for blood vessels to be stretchy and spongy. The pressure they are under remains within safe limits. Increased hypertension leads to too much pressure on the blood vessels. Getting your blood pressure under control is essential because it can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Here are some World Hypertension Day tips:
Reduce your weight
People who are excessively fat or obese are more prone to having increased blood pressure. Blood pressure goes up as your body gets heavier. The loss of even 5 pounds can have a noticeable impact on lowering blood pressure if you are overweight and have high blood pressure. Discuss your goal weight with your doctor. Together, you can come up with a plan to bring your weight within a healthy range.
Become more physically active
Getting up and moving makes sense if you're sedentary. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including controlling hypertension, through physical activity. The stress on your arteries is lowered by exercising regularly, making your heart stronger, and allowing it to pump blood with less effort. Long term, physical activity lowers blood pressure, but it also lowers blood pressure immediately after. The blood pressure drops for the whole day after cycling for 20 minutes. Being active is very important. Exercise is a great way to lose weight, but if you aren't used to it, you should start with simple activities, such as walking. The ideal amount of medium-intensity exercise per week is 180 minutes.
Moderate alcohol intake
Having an increased alcohol consumption will result in increased hypertension, so it is advised not to consume too much. Individuals should not exceed two drinks per day when it comes to safe alcohol intake.
In order to achieve and maintain a healthy blood pressure level, you must incorporate healthy habits into your everyday lifestyle. Lifestyle changes alone may not be enough for some people to control their blood pressure. Medications can be used to allow blood pressure to remain within healthy limits in these cases. You must change your lifestyle to lower high blood pressure, posing a serious health risk. In the United States, roughly 80 million people have hypertension, and many more have numbers that exceed normal levels but are not considered to be high blood pressure.
Even though hypertension can have serious health consequences, only about half of patients manage their condition effectively. Learn how you can reduce your blood pressure by making smart lifestyle choices as well as reducing salt intake and why it is so important for your heart on the occasion of World Hypertension Day.From the Web