Recognizing The Signs And Symptoms Of Cataract Disease
Cataracts may be present if you are over 60 and your vision has become hazy or clouded. Your eye specialist can cure a frequent disease in older people. A cataract occurs when the usually transparent lens in your eye gets hazy. Light flows through a transparent lens to reach your eye. The lens is behind your iris (colored part of your eye). The lens concentrates light so that your brain and vision can work together to create a picture. When a cataract obscures the lens, your eye cannot focus light in the same way. This causes blurred vision or other types of vision loss (trouble seeing). The location and size of the cataract affect your eyesight.
Could you be suffering from cataracts?
You use your eye's lens daily, from reading to driving to bird watching. The proteins in your lens may clump together as you age, making it more difficult to see clearly. Certain activities can increase your chances of developing a cataract. These are some examples:
- Spending too much time in the sun without using eye protection
- Elevated blood sugar levels
- The use of steroid medicines
- Radiation exposure
Cataracts affect more than 20 percent of Americans over 40; six million have had surgery to treat them. If you have any of the following signs, see an eye doctor immediately.
Signs and Symptoms of Cataracts
Cataracts begin small and may not influence your vision at first. Things may appear hazy, like looking at an impressionist painting. This effect typically grows stronger over time. The world will appear overcast, cloudy, or dull. Cataracts begin to deepen with yellow or brown color as they progress.
Those suffering from nuclear cataracts may see a temporary improvement in their vision. This sensation is sometimes referred to as "second sight." It begins to impair night vision, making certain evening activities more challenging, such as driving. In fact, Curtin University in Australia discovered that curing cataracts lowered the likelihood of car accidents by 13%.
If you suspect cataracts, exercise extreme caution at night and avoid driving if your eyesight is impaired.
The glare of spotlights
Cataracts are frequently accompanied by light sensitivity. The glare of bright lights can be uncomfortable, especially for patients with posterior subcapsular cataracts. These cataracts develop in the back of the lens, blocking the passage of light and frequently interfering with your reading vision.
There are haloes everywhere
Diffraction of light entering your eye might occur due to lens clouding. This might result in the appearance of a halo around light sources. Driving can be challenging when there are rings surrounding every light, sometimes in a variety of colors. Driving at night, especially when there is lighting and brightness, can be problematic if you have a cataract.
Need for new spectacles
You may have cataracts if you frequently require stronger glasses or contacts. A sturdy pair of reading glasses from the drugstore will not solve the problem. Consult an eye doctor if your vision is rapidly altering. You could have cataracts or another eye ailment that would benefit from immediate treatment.
Being a resident of a yellow submarine
As cataracts grow, the protein clumps that cloud your lens may turn yellow or brownish. As a result, all the light entering your eye has a yellow tinge. You might as well be wearing those "blue-blocker" sunglasses that are advertised on TV and designed to filter out the blue and violet spectrums of light. This affects your ability to recognize and differentiate between colors.
After cataract surgery, you may be astonished to see the world in all its colors again!
Double the trouble
Diffraction caused by clouding the lens in a cataract might cause you to perceive two or more pictures of the same thing. Besides Cataract, many factors can induce double vision, commonly known as diplopia:
- Tumors of the brain
- Corneal edema
- MS (multiple sclerosis)
Consult your physician.
Cataracts can cause substantial eyesight changes. Cataracts affect people of all ages, not just the elderly. Cataracts can occur at any age due to trauma, certain drugs, or genetic disorders.
It should be emphasized that Cataract does not cause all vision changes. Several of the symptoms listed above can be indicators of severe and life-threatening illnesses. Consult an ophthalmologist about your vision changes and any other symptoms you may be experiencing.
Can Cataracts Be Prevented?
Because doctors don't know what causes cataracts, there's no prevention. Cataracts and glaucoma are common in elderly people, so have your eyes checked often. This is important if you have a family history of eye problems or have been exposed to eye-damaging drugs. All adults should have annual check-ups with an ophthalmologist until age 50 and then every year thereafter.
If you have a history of eye issues or other illnesses, such as diabetes, that increase your risk of eye disease, you may require more frequent eye exams.
How do I determine if my child has cataracts?
Cataracts are not always visible. When you see them, they usually appear as a white or gray speck or reflection inside the pupil. It is critical to have your child's vision examined frequently. The earlier cataracts are detected, the better their long-term vision will be.
Children may have trouble telling parents about eye problems. They may not realize their vision is bad. When they do, they may claim double vision or bright lights. They may perceive a glare, halo, or muted hues. Misaligned eyes are another indicator your child has cataracts.
Your 4-month-old should be able to glance around a room and track objects. If not, have their eyes checked.
Cataracts and other vision disorders are common as you become older. However, you do not have to put up with it. There are surgical methods for totally curing this illness. Cured.com hopes this information has helped you recognize the signs of cataracts so you can obtain the finest medical care possible.From the Web