Bursitis is a painful condition involving the inflammation of the bursae (bur-SEE) that cushions the bones, tendons, and muscles near your joints. As a result of inflammation of the bursae, bursitis occurs. It is common to develop bursitis in the shoulders, elbows, and hips. You can also get bursitis at the base of your big toe, knee, and heel. There is a high probability of bursitis occurring near joints where repetitive motions are performed frequently.
Typically, treatment involves protecting the affected joint from further trauma and testing the joint. After the proper treatment, bursitis pain usually disappears within a few weeks, although recurrent flare-ups are common.
A person's symptoms will determine the treatment for bursitis.
The use of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines and self-care techniques might be able to assist in the treatment of bursitis at home. The following are usually involved in self-care:
- In order to prevent painful contact with the affected bursae, padding can be applied.
- Reducing inflammation can be achieved by resting the joints in the affected area.
- Ice packs can help reduce pain and inflammation by being placed on the affected area and wrapped in a towel. Directly applying ice to the skin is never a good idea. You can purchase ice packs online to treat injuries.
- Affected areas may be reduced in inflammation by elevating them to prevent blood pooling.
- Ibuprofen can relieve pain and reduce inflammation when taken as a pain reliever. There are over-the-counter and online options for Ibuprofen.
It may be necessary to take prescription medications for severe bursitis, even though most cases are treatable at home.
The doctor may prescribe injections of steroids to relieve the symptoms. Steroids are believed to suppress inflammation by blocking a chemical called prostaglandin in the body. Steroids should, however, be prescribed with caution by doctors. A person who uses these drugs for a long period of time may experience higher blood pressure and be at a higher risk for infection. Steroid injections may also cause a delay in diagnosing other bursa-related conditions because they reduce a person's symptoms. Due to this, some surgical procedures may not be performed at the optimal time.
The doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics if a fluid test indicates a bacterial infection. Most people will receive oral antibiotics, but in more severe cases, they may need to receive them intravenously. The affected bursa may need to be surgically drained in rare cases.
These are some of the symptoms that may accompany bursitis:
- When moved or pressured, the pain increases
- Even when there is no movement, tenderness persists
- Inability to move
During septic bursitis, the bursa is inflamed due to an infection. There are additional symptoms associated with septic bursitis, including:
- Feeling hot when you touch the affected area
- Typically, bursitis is treated at home, but a doctor should be consulted if the condition is severe.
There are several causes of bursitis, including injuries, infections, and preexisting conditions like gout, which causes crystals to form in bursae.
The bursae near the elbow tend to be affected by infectious bursitis since they are closer to the surface of the skin. Bacteria can enter the body through a cut on the skin. The most common causes of infectious bursitis include repeated traumas and overuse of joints near bursae. Infections may lead to bursitis in people with immune system conditions.
The bursa is more likely to form crystals in people with certain health conditions. Bursas swell as a result of crystal irritation. Scleroderma, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis are all conditions that may result in bursitis.
An examination of the aggravated area by a doctor and details about recent activities will allow the doctor to diagnose bursitis. Occasionally, a bursa near the affected part of the body may be sampled by the doctor if the individual has a high temperature. A lab technician will test the sample for bacteria and crystal deposits in the lab. To eliminate the possibility of a more serious condition, the doctor may perform further tests if treatment is ineffective.
The following tests may be performed:
- Checking for fractures or broken bones with an X-ray
- Testing for rheumatoid arthritis with blood tests
- Checking for possible tendon or joint damage with a CT scan or MR
People can take several steps to help prevent bursitis. The following are included:
- The body's most vulnerable parts can be protected with knee pads for people who kneel a lot, while elbow braces can be used by tennis and golf players to protect their elbows. Invest in good walking or running shoes if you are an athlete or an avid walker.
- The prevention of bursitis can be achieved by taking regular breaks and using different parts of the body to carry out tasks.
- The effects of excess body weight on one's joints can be increased if one has excess body weight. Bursitis can be minimized by managing a person's weight to reduce the load on their joints.
- Ideally, you should warm up for five to ten minutes before vigorous exercise. If you are interested in exercising, you can walk at a good pace, jog slowly, or use an exercise bike.
- Exercises to strengthen muscles: Strengthening muscles in areas with bursitis, especially around joints, can help prevent future injuries.
The bursa, a fluid-filled sac located beneath the joints that protect them, becomes inflamed in bursitis. Bursitis occurs in four main sites: elbows, knees, hips, and shoulders. When pressure is placed on or repetitive movements are made on the joints, a person may develop bursitis. Bursitis can also be caused by impact injuries, while infections can cause septic bursitis. Rest will usually resolve most forms of bursitis. It is possible, however, that some people will need to take medication or even undergo surgery in order to alleviate their symptoms. It is important to protect vulnerable joints, take breaks during repetitive tasks, and maintain a moderate weight to prevent bursitis.From the Web