Pelvic pain is generally defined as pain anywhere from the navel down to the bottom of the trunk. Many things can responsible for pelvic pain and some can be serious.
One of the most common causes of pelvic pain are urinary tract infections which can cause pain in the lower abdomen and a burning and or a pulling sensation when urinating. Frequent urges to urinate are common as well. This condition is caused by bacteria in the urinary tract and requires antibiotics, prescribed by a physician for treatment. Vaginal yeast infections are common in women and can be treated with a cream or pill.
Menstrual cramps in women is also very common. Characterized by varying degrees of pain in the middle of the lower belly, menstrual cramps are usually minor and go away on their own, once the menstrual flow begins. Taking two ibuprofen tablets usually reduces this pain. If accompanied by severe bleeding or the passing of large clots, a doctor should be consulted as this may be indicative of fibroid tumors or endometriosis, both of which require medical treatment.
Increasingly severe pain low on the right side of the lower abdomen can often be a sign of appendicitis. If the pain is accompanied by vomiting and or fever, get the patient to an emergency room right away. This can be life threatening if untreated.
Pelvic pain in women of child bearing age is of concern. If there is any chance the patient can be pregnant, pelvic pain should not be ignored or dismissed. This type of pain can be the sign of early pregnancy, early miscarriage, or ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a when a fetus begins growing in a fallopian tube rather than uterus of the mother. This is a painful condition that requires immediate medical attention.