All and sundry will agree that skin cancer is a reality. But, the medicine world has three variants of skin cancers, and we will look at what causes skin cancer and the three types.
Skin cancer is a condition that comes as a result of extended exposure to ultraviolet light. The exposure causes the skin cells to grow rapidly and uncontrollably. As a result a cancerous tumor develops on the skin. The three skin cancers are completely different in regards to the affected parts of the skin; they are Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC), Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC), and lastly Malignant Melanoma.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma occurs when the squamous cell of the epidermis begins to grow rapidly leading to the development of a cancerous tumor resembling a hard scaly red like feature on the affected skin. Statistics has it that of all reported skin cancers, 15% – 20% were Squamous Cell carcinoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma takes the big byte (75%) of the three named skin cancers. It occurs in the basal cells of the epidermis â€" outer skin being exposed to too much light, as a result leading to tumor formation. The formed tumor occurs as a red ulcer that may bleed upon itching.
Finally, we have the malignant Melanoma which takes the least of the lionâ€™s share (10%). This type occurs in the melanin producing cells known as Melanocytes. The cause of it is wrong cell division of the melanocyte which leads them to multiply without caution leading to development of tumor that occurs as a brown like feature on the arms, leg and face. Unlike the BCC and the SCC which are not life threatening, Malignant Melanoma is a fatal one, and if not treated quickly may lead to much serious consequences. Early treatment is always the best remedy, so seek medical assistance upon seeing such symptoms on your skin.