Testicular cancer begins in the testicles of men. This type of cancer is actually very rare. Men between the ages of 15 and 34 are seen most with testicular cancer. Doctors are not quite sure what exactly causes testicular cancer but what they do know is some of the healthy cells that grow in a testicle end up becoming different from the rest.
Men who have testicular cancer will have many symptoms such as fatigue, lump in one of the testicles, pain in a testicle, collection of fluid in the scrotum, enlargement of breasts, heaviness that is felt in the scrotum, and an ache that is considered insensible coming from the abdomen. When men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, they generally only have cancer in just one of the testicles, not both.
Doctors can test for testicular cancer using different methods such as ultrasounds, blood tests, and surgery to remove a testicle if a doctor sees a lump on a testicle. That will then be used to determine if the lump is cancerous or not. Testicular cancer can either be seminoma or nonseminoma. There are only 3 stages to testicular cancer. The first stage of this cancer is just limited to the testes, whereas the last stage of testicular cancer has then spread to other parts of the body.
Treatments available for testicular cancer involve radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and even surgery to remove the infected testicle. There is no way that men can prevent testicular cancer. Giving yourself testicle examinations are a good way to examine your testicles for any lumps or such. You can do this examination right after a warm bath because the heat relaxes your scrotum. You can then find anything that may seem unusual or not normal to you and you can begin consulting your doctor.