Vertigo is a condition which causes an individual to experience the sensation that objects and the environment around him is spinning or moving when it is in fact remaining stationary. Individuals who experience vertigo often complain that the room around them seems to be whirling, tilting or spinning, causing them to feel like they are off balance and in danger of falling down. Vertigo is often accompanied by nausea or vomiting and can cause an individual to stumble and fall due to their sense of balance being severely impaired.
There are numerous causes that can trigger an episode of vertigo, sometimes referred to as severe dizziness. These include allergic reactions, cold and flu viruses that cause lightheadedness, hyperventilation, stress, anxiety, overuse of such substances as alcohol and drugs, dehydration, migraine headaches and inner ear infection. Vertigo results when the body’s ability to sense its surrounding environment and maintain its balance is disrupted.
Inner ear disorders are among the most common causes of vertigo. Many patients experience brief episodes of vertigo when changing body position, such as standing up from a sitting position or attempting to sit up from a prone position. Any episode of vertigo should be discussed with a medical professional in order to obtain effective treatment and to determine the underlying causes.
There are a variety of medications which can treat vertigo which can be taken orally, applied to the skin via a patch or intravenously. If an inner ear infection is determined to be the cause of vertigo, a physician may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection or further exploration to determine if surgery is needed to stop the episodes of vertigo from recurring. Some individuals respond well to implementing a low salt diet as an effective treatment method for vertigo. Certain repetitive physical movements undertaken during episodes of vertigo can also help to eliminate the uncomfortable sensations.