What Is Chemical Peel Treatment? Everything You Need to Know

cured Chemical Peel Treatment


A chemical peel is used to treat skin issues by exfoliating the skin using a chemical solution. Regenerating skin is silkier than the old skin. You may undergo the procedure more than once to get the best results from a mild or medium peel. Chemical peels are a common method of treating facial imperfections like wrinkles, discoloration, and scarring.

Chemical peels are versatile enough to stand on their own or complement other cosmetic operations. They can also be performed at various intensities, from superficial to profound. Stronger chemical peels provide more noticeable changes but often need more time off work for healing. Continue reading to find out more about chemical peels and which one suits your skin best!


What is a Chemical Peel?

A chemical peel is a treatment involving a chemical solution on the skin, which causes it to "blister" and finally peel off to reveal smoother, healthier skin underneath. 

Chemical peels are available for the face, neck, and hands. They can be used to do the following:

  • Reduce the appearance of small wrinkles around the eyes or lips
  • Sun damage and aging wrinkles can be treated.
  • Enhance the look of minor scars
  • Treat certain forms of acne.
  • Decrease aging spots, freckles, and dark patches (melasma) caused by pregnancy or birth control medications.
  • Hyperpigmentation or skin darkening is caused by an excess of melanin caused due to acne, sun damage, injury, or pregnancy. 
  • A chemical peel can help enhance the texture and tone of your skin. It can also help to shrink pores and eradicate blackheads.


Chemical Peel Types

Your skin type is the main factor in choosing an acidic, enzymatic, or photo-pneumatic peel. Acidic peels remove the top layers of skin using acids, like glycolic or lactic acids, to break down the bonds that hold the skin together. Once the bonds are broken, the acids help the dead skin cells to peel off. 

Enzymatic peels use enzymes, like trypsin, to break down the bonds between cells. 

Photopneumatic peels use light and oxygen to penetrate the skin to lift away dead skin cells and stimulate collagen production.


How Does a Chemical Peel Work?

As mentioned above, each peel uses a different chemical to break the bonds between skin cells and exfoliate the skin. Treatment might feel like a little tingling or a severe burning, depending on the concentration of the chemical peel. Most chemical peels are done in a dermatologist's office. The surrounding environment is carefully controlled to keep the chemical at the correct strength. You can also find chemical peels in spas and salons, but you have no control over the power of the chemical.

 You can get a mild peel for acne-prone skin, a medium peel for sensitive skin, and a deep peel for oily skin.  


Chemical Peels & Skin Type

When choosing the right chemical peel for your skin, you must consider your skin type, goals, and budget. Three different chemical peel depths are available, each tailored to a different set of concerns.

Light chemical peel: A mild chemical peel in which only the topmost layer of skin is removed (epidermis). It helps with dryness, dullness, uneven tone, fine lines, and wrinkles. Every two to five weeks, you might have a little peel.

Medium chemical peel. After a mild chemical peel, your epidermis and some of the dermis (the skin's main layer) will be bare (dermis). Wrinkles, acne scars, and a lack of uniform skin tone can all be improved with this method. Depending on the intended outcome, you may need to do this many times.

Deep chemically peel. Chemical peels can be used to remove even more layers of skin. In cases of deeper wrinkles, scars, or precancerous growths, your doctor may advise you to have one. There is no need for further sessions to achieve the desired results.


Side Effects and Risks of a Chemical Peel

Swelling, scabbing, and redness. Normal chemical peel healing results in redness of the treated skin. Redness may linger for several months after a mild or deep chemical peel.

Scarring. Chemical peel scarring is unusual and often affects the lower part of the face. The doctor may prescribe you antibiotics and steroid medications to treat these scars. 

Changes in skin color. Hyperpigmentation (skin darkening) or hypopigmentation (paler skin) may result during a chemical peel (hypopigmentation). After a shallow peel, hyperpigmentation is more prevalent, but hypopigmentation is more common after a thorough peel. These issues are more frequent in persons with dark or black complexion and can be permanent in some cases.

Infection. A chemical peel can trigger bacterial, fungal, or viral skin infections, such as a herpes virus flare-up – the virus that causes cold sores.

Damage to the heart, kidneys, or liver. A thorough chemical peel contains carbolic acid (phenol), damaging the heart muscle and inducing irregular heartbeats. Phenol can potentially cause renal and liver damage. To decrease phenol exposure, a thorough chemical peel is performed in 10- to 20-minute increments.

A chemical peel is not always suited for everyone. Your doctor may advise you to avoid a chemical peel or certain types of chemical peels if you:

  • Have used the oral acne treatment isotretinoin (Myorisan, Claravis, and others)
  • Have a history of scar tissue overgrowth (keloids)
  • You are pregnant
  • Have frequent or severe cold sore breakouts

In case you are thinking about getting a Chemical Peel? Here are some important points to consider:

  • If you have a history of scarring, recurrent cold sores, or X-rays of your face, be sure to share it with your doctor.
  • Some medicines, such as Retin-A, Renova, or glycolic acid, may be prescribed to prepare the skin for a chemical peel. Your doctor may advise you to discontinue their use before getting a chemical peel. Antibiotics or antiviral medications might be recommended by the doctor as well.
  • Determine the appropriate peeling depth in consultation with your doctor. Your skin's current condition and your treatment goals should guide this choice.
  • Before getting a peel, discuss with your doctor if you'll need a ride home.


The Outcome of Chemical Peel Treatment

A mild or gentle chemical peel can improve the appearance of fine wrinkles and skin texture. The effects are barely noticeable initially, but they gradually improve with time. When a mild chemical peel is performed, the smoothness of the treated skin is immediately apparent. Areas treated with a thorough chemical peel will feel and look much better when the procedure is complete. Outcomes can sometimes be temporary. New wrinkles and skin color changes might appear with time and further UV exposure.

The new skin is momentarily more sensitive to the sun after any peel. Seek your doctor's advice on how long you should avoid the sun.


Final Words

Treatment for acne scars, wrinkles, and hyperpigmentation can be achieved with a chemical peel, a less invasive technique. You have the option of selecting an acidic, enzymatic, or photo-pneumatic peel, all of which are effective yet uniquely tailored to certain skin types. A chemical peel helps improve dull skin, fine lines, and hyperpigmentation. 

The risks of a chemical peel depend on the type of peel you choose. A chemical peel is a quick and affordable way to treat acne scars, fine lines, and hyperpigmentation. We hope this article has helped you in making the right decision for your skin type. Keep reading our blog for more health and wellness-related articles and stay updated. 

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