The 9 Types Of Physiotherapy Treatments For A Healthy Body
Physiotherapy treatment is availed by people affected by factors like an injury or any other health or natural issue. These factors include an accident, aging, and a physical or weight disorder. In physiotherapy, people are helped by exercises and other treatments to restore the mobility and functionality of the body that they might have lost or have difficulty doing.
Practitioners who provide physiotherapy to patients in need are called physiotherapists or physical therapists. They help the patient recover from their illness or injury that has impacted their body's ability to move and function properly. Physiotherapists can be easily and readily contacted in hospitals, rehabilitation centers, yoga or meditation centers, development and recreation centers, long-term care facilities, public or private healthcare centers, or even at public or private schools and universities.
Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques that vary from patient to patient. These techniques include physical rehabilitation, exercise, manual therapy, muscle massage, etc. The type of technique or therapy suitable for a particular patient is decided by their physiotherapist based on comprehensive factors that also include their emotional, mental, social, and psychological health apart from their physical aspects.
Their job is not only to fix your ailments but also to be with you until you are motivated enough to carry on your daily life chores without being inhibited by your previous injury or health issue. This is why many physiotherapists emphasize the role of meditation in a patient's physiotherapy journey and make it a part of their healing plan. Physiotherapy is a science that focuses on all aspects of the well-being of an individual and strives to create a better and more impactful recovery and the post-recovery stage of a patient.
When should I go for physiotherapy treatment?
Even if you have not faced any injury to your body but are still feeling an inhibition in being able to move and function your body parts correctly and smoothly as before, you can consult a physiotherapist for treatment. Physiotherapists can help identify the problem that you are facing and guide you on the exercises and fitness plans you need to follow to fix it. However, physiotherapists are also trained to look after some severe health issues, often categorized as mentioned below.
- Neurological - This health issue includes Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, vertigo, or stroke.
- Neuromusculoskeletal - These are very common and include problems like back pain, neck pain, and arthritis.
- Orthopedic - These include if you are facing pain in your bones and joints, like pain in the knee joint or unable to move your knee as usual.
What are the types of physiotherapy treatments?
As mentioned above, the type of physiotherapy treatment required by your body is decided after knowing the underlying cause of your problem and under which category it lies. After learning the real issue you are facing, the physiotherapist plans out your treatment.
1. Neurological physiotherapy treatment
These treatments are required by patients who have an issue in their nervous system or in the neuromuscular system that leads to poor balance, control, and coordination of the body and also face pain, loss of posture, and limited movement ability in certain parts of the body which majorly include the back, neck, and shoulders. These include treating problems like stroke, palsy, etc., that damage the body's ability to function correctly and establish easy mobility for the patient.
2. Women's health-related physiotherapy treatment
Physiotherapy treatments are also available and widely used by women for specific women's health situations or problems. These include special exercises and fitness routines for the duration of pregnancy, including the pre and post-natal period, and this treatment focuses on easing the whole process of childbirth for the woman. Apart from helping in times of pregnancy, women can avail of physiotherapy treatments to fix any health issues in their reproductive system or to enhance their fertility.
3. Geriatric physiotherapy treatment
Physiotherapy treatments are commonly prescribed to people beyond a specific age. Due to aging, the body loses its original form, and ability to function smoothly as the rate and effectiveness of the metabolism process slows down as one's age increases. Hence, to restore and retain the body's posture, structure, function, and mobility, mainly designed treatments for the elderly are used.
4. Orthopedic or Musculoskeletal physiotherapy treatment
This physiotherapy treatment is generally used if a patient has undergone an injury or surgery involving damage to the body's ligaments, tendons, bones, joints, or muscles. This damage inhibits the body's regular movements. Thus orthopedic or musculoskeletal physiotherapy is used to alleviate the patient's pain, restore the muscles, bones, or ligaments to their original state and thus increase the body's mobility.
5. Joint Mobilization physiotherapy treatment
Suppose you are facing pain or difficulty moving any of your joints in the body. In that case, you might be prescribed to go for a joint mobilization physiotherapy treatment. This type of treatment is generally performed to enhance your ability to use your affected joint by performing various exercises at different speeds and orientations depending on the kind of injury that the patient has incurred. This is a slow process, and the results are visible after a few sessions of physiotherapy treatments. A chiropractor can also help with such treatments and specialize in releasing joint tension for better skeletal motion.
6. Exercise physiotherapy treatment
Suppose your health and mobility issue is not so severe and you are just experiencing some pain. In that case, a simple exercise and stretch routine is prescribed for easy recovery. This physiotherapy treatment includes various kinds of yoga, stretches, and exercises like aerobic, cardiovascular, slow, etc. These are exercises that involve applying resistance of some kind. There are many different sources of resistance, including weights, gravity, and elastic bands. Your body adapts to stress, and when you force your muscles to perform a task they are not accustomed to, they adapt by becoming more assertive. As we age, if we don't push our muscles by exercising or doing the same things every day, our muscles become accustomed to this, stop growing, and are more likely to become weaker. Stretching exercises help ease muscle tension and improve the body's strength and endurance.
7. Pediatric physiotherapy treatment
This type of physiotherapy is used for babies at the time of their birth if they have any injury or defect. Pediatric physiotherapy treatment is generally used to cure a newborn's delayed physical or nervous growth, any genetic defect that inhibits the natural functioning of the baby's body, or any acute or significant injury that might have taken place inside the womb of the mother or even during the process of childbirth.
8. Rehabilitation or pain physiotherapy treatment
People who have undergone surgery or suffer from a chronic lifelong illness that affects their body's mobility and functions go for a pain rehabilitation kind of physiotherapy treatment. This process helps them ease their pain and carry on their daily activities smoothly, if not with the previous amount of zeal and strength.
9. Sports physiotherapy treatment
You might have heard that a football player was injured severely while on the field. Then immediately, a person from the medical team rushes to the player. That person is a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy is widely used in sports to treat injuries to players while on the ground. This helps to heal the tissues and muscles that have undergone any damage but also helps to build strength and endurance for such rigorous games.
There are treatments available for any condition or difficulty that you might face. Suppose you are facing even a minor problem in the movement of your body or its function. In that case, you should immediately consult a doctor who might refer you to a good physiotherapist if you need treatment. Availing different types of physiotherapy treatments is very common and easily and readily available.
Physiotherapy will treat you physically as well as mentally. The whole process is designed for you to be comfortable with your bodily movements. Suppose you are suffering from significant chronic and incurable diseases. In that case, it also teaches and educates you on how to stay comfortable and mobile despite your body's inhibitions due to your condition.
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